In general, abbreviations and acronyms are not allowed in academic writing (with a few exceptions; see below). They are considered poor usage of space and distract readers from the main message of your essay.
When abbreviating words that appear in textbooks or other reference works, it is acceptable to use acronyms. These include terms such as DNA, RNA, PDA, and MRI. However, if you are not familiar with these terms, please use full words instead. Also, when possible, define any acronyms that you use in your essay. This will help readers understand their meaning and avoid errors due to misspelling or mispronunciation.
Abbreviations are also used in scientific papers and presentations. In science, these include HLA-B27, HTI, and IVF. When writing about your research findings, it is important to be clear and concise, which can only happen if you write using full words rather than abbreviations.
Finally, abbreviations are often used in social media posts and emails. While this is acceptable for informal communication, if you are submitting work for publication or presenting your ideas at conferences, then please avoid using abbreviations altogether.
On this page you'll find: Abbreviations and acronyms are abbreviated or acronymized versions of words or phrases. However, if you want to include an abbreviation or acronym in your paper, go for it.
In general, especially in US English, it's recommended to avoid using these abbreviations in the main text. Instead, place them in parenthesis followed by a comma, or write them out completely.
These acronyms are commonly used in science and technology journals and articles. If used incorrectly, they can negatively affect how your article is interpreted by editors and reviewers. For example, using incorrect abbreviations when submitting an article can cause delays to its publication.
So, when writing your own papers, please consider the following: use full words instead of abbreviations; include the full name of any companies or organizations you refer to; and if possible, define all technical terms used in the text. This will only help to improve your research experience and ensure that your work is read by as many people as possible.
Abbreviations are handy in writing when you need to fit a lot of information into a short amount of space. You may also use them to replace long or tedious phrases in your sentences to make them easier to read. If the abbreviation is unusual or unfamiliar, explain its meaning the first time you use it. For example, "WWF" is an abbreviation for "World Wrestling Federation." Before you know what it means, just like with any other word, you must include the full sentence even if you intend to repeat it later.
In academic writing, authors often use abbreviations to save space. These acronyms are usually explained in a list of acronyms at the end of the paper. Acronyms are very useful in science and technology papers because they can be used instead of longer words that have similar meanings. For example, an author could write "CD meant for consumers to store their music files" instead of "DVDs that can hold several hundred megabytes of data".
In business documents, abbreviations are used to save time. For example, an author could write "5 P's of marketing: product, price, place, promotion, and people" instead of including all these details about how products are marketed.
In legal documents, authors use abbreviations to reduce the size of manuscripts.
OK, so text abbreviations aren't always accurate English, and if you use them too frequently, they may become a terrible habit, but they're really helpful when you're texting buddies on your phone. They let you communicate more quickly by avoiding the tedious task of typing out full words.
Using text abbreviations is perfectly acceptable, and in fact, many people prefer it because they think it makes their messages sound more professional. However, if you use acronyms liberally, you might come off as unprofessional or seem like you don't care about your friends' time.
Texting abbreviations can be useful tools for anyone who sends many messages per day. If you know how to properly use them, they can save you a lot of time. Just remember not to abuse them!
In academic essay writing, initialisms and acronyms can be used in certain contexts. The basic rule of thumb is to spell out an acronym the first time you use it and then use the acronym after that. After the initial reference, do not include the acronym in parenthesis. It is safe to assume that readers will recognize it. Examples: NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration), NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization).
Abbreviations are also used in scientific papers for convenience. For example, if you want to say that a certain protein is responsible for something, you would write that protein is abbrieviated from human serum albumin (HSA) and that it has a molecular weight of 57,000. When writing about your research, use common sense and follow any general rules for clarity. If you think that including an abbreviation would improve the readability of your paper, then by all means, use them!
The American Psychological Association (APA) recommends that abbreviations be used only when they allow for clear communication with the audience. Unless it is a legitimate name or refers to persons wearing identity-concealing labels, do not use periods or spaces in abbreviations of all capital letters: G. R. R. Martin does this frequently. The reader may not understand your reference until they look up "G.R.R." in a dictionary. Using abbreviations in citations prevents readers from accessing information about your sources.
Abbreviations are often confused with initialisms. Initialisms are short forms of words or phrases that indicate that they are combined terms for which no single word would be sufficiently long. For example, IBM is an acronym for International Business Machines; NASA is the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Abbreviations are also called acrostic poems because the first letter of each line of poetry fits into one of the six lines making the poem. For example, "JFK" is an abbreviation for John F. Kennedy because the first letter of each line of the poem spells out his last name.
Initialisms and acronyms can be useful tools for efficient communication, but they should not be used as substitutes for concise writing. If you must use an abbreviation in your text, define it before using it. Include the definition within the paragraph or section where the abbreviation is first cited.
Acronyms are being introduced. Each acronym should be introduced before it is used in the text. When using the phrase for the first time, place the abbreviation in parentheses after the entire term. After that, you can continue to use the acronym.