Dante Alighieri's epic work The Divine Comedy was composed between 1308 and 1321. Dante's poem, begun in the first decade of the 14th century, is considered by many to be the greatest single masterpiece of Western literature. The Divine Comedy is a metaphysical poem in three parts describing Dante's journey through Hell, Purgatory, and Paradise. It also contains a dramatic narrative that takes place in Florence during the Italian Wars, when the city was divided between Milan and Venice.
Divine Comedy is a very large work measuring in at over 700 lines per page. It is estimated that it took Dante two years to complete just Part I (Hell), and six months to complete Part II (Paradise). However, due to lack of interest on his part, he never finished Part III (Hell).
In terms of style, the Divine Comedy uses medieval Latin but with some words translated into Italian. The original manuscript was not published until 1516, almost 20 years after Dante's death. It has been suggested that this may have been done deliberately so as to prevent people from reading his poem before they had good copies of the work themselves. However, others believe that it shows how highly he regarded his own writing that he did not want anyone else's opinion to interfere with its dissemination.
As well as being an important artistic work, The Divine Comedy has religious significance for many people.
The Divine Comedy (Italian: Divina Commedia [di'vi: na kom'me: dja]) is a lengthy Italian narrative poem written by Dante Alighieri that was started about 1308 and finished a year before his death in 1321. The first printed editions
|Publisher||Wendelin of Speyer|
During his exile from Florence, Dante Alighieri penned The Divine Comedy, which would go on to become the greatest poetry of the Middle Ages. The Divine Comedy is considered to be a predecessor of Renaissance literature. Like much medieval literature, such as the Arthurian legends and The Romance of Alexander, The Divine Comedy is based on classical myths and stories, in this case those of Homer. It weaves these elements together with visions from Heaven and Hell, making for a dramatic poem that still speaks to people today.
The Divine Comedy was not intended to be read as a whole. It is an enormous work, describing three different journeys through Paradise, Hell, and Purgatory. Each journey consists of thirty-three canti (books), or parts of a book. A canto is usually a single section of a poem, but here it means a part of a larger work.
Dante believed that by completing The Divine Comedy he would be doing God's work, and thus be granted entry into Heaven. However, due to political problems with Florence, he could not return home until after her death in 1464. Even so, he began work on the project soon after his arrival in Ravenna, where he had been given safe conduct by the English ruler Edward III. The Divine Comedy was not published during Dante's life time, but rather after his death.
Dante's Life Story (c. 1265-c. 1321) Dante was a Medieval Italian poet and philosopher whose epic trilogy "The Divine Comedy" left an everlasting mark on literature and theology. He was born in Italy about twelve years after the death of Abelard, a famous French philosopher and teacher. The year of his birth is estimated to be between 1264 and 1266. His father died when he was young, and he was raised by his mother along with her other children from a previous marriage. She worked as a court official which meant that she had to move around a lot. When he was still a teenager, he started writing poems which attracted many readers at the time. He eventually decided to devote himself full time to poetry, and when he was about 30 years old, he entered into an agreement with a publisher named Can Grande della Scala to write three books. The first one was supposed to deal with Hell, but because Dante found this topic very interesting, he went on to write about Heaven too. However, due to financial problems, the project was never completed. He died at the age of forty-one.
As you can see, Dante was quite young when he wrote the Divine Comedy. In fact, according to some scholars, he actually started working on it when he was just twenty years old.