Only capitalize the first word in a book or article title. Articles (i.e., a, and, the) should not be capitalized unless they are the first word in the title. Italicize the titles of journals and books. Do not capitalize the title of a journal article or a chapter within a book.
In APA, the title of an article is defined as "the significant phrase or sentence that gives information about the topic of the article." Only the first word is capitalized; the rest of the title is in lowercase. Title case is used when writing academic papers. When writing in the third person, use your subject's name instead of "he" or "she". For example, say "Jane Smith received her degree in English from Ohio State University" rather than "He/She received his/her degree in English from Ohio State University."
It is acceptable to use abbreviations such as Dr. , Prof. , or Sr. for titles. These should be followed by a comma and the full title written out thereafter. For example, say "Dr. Jane Smith is on leave this year from Ohio State University."
Books have titles that are usually printed in boldface type. The title of a book is the single most important factor in helping readers find articles on the same topic. Therefore, it is essential that the title be concise yet comprehensive.
Journal, magazine, and newspaper titles should be italicized. Article titles should not be italicized. Only capitalize the initial letter of the article title's first word. All other words should be lowercase.
In a brief note, an acknowledgment, or in a list of acknowledgments, newspaper names should be set in italics. In a caption-style box at the top of an article, newspaper names can be in italics. Or, for short journal titles, use small caps.
The name of a newspaper, magazine, or journal is used to identify which publication a piece of work is from. It appears at the beginning of each article, review, or interview and is usually but not always printed in bold type. The name serves as a link between the reader and the rest of the article or interview. Names are often written in the first person, such as "My Favorite Newspaper", "I'm Looking Through My Old Magazines".
Newspaper names are usually written in all caps, but this is not required. If there is more than one word in the name, separate them with periods: "The New York Times".
Journal, magazine, newspaper, and book names should be italicized. It is not necessary to italicize the titles of articles or book chapters. If the article title contains a colon, capitalize the initial letter of the first word after the colon. Book titles are usually given without capitalization.
In a title, capitalize proper nouns, initials, and acronyms. A colon and a space should be used to separate a subtitle.
Newspapers or magazines Unless it's part of the publication's title or masthead, don't uppercase "magazine." The word "the" should be capitalized only if it appears in the title of the magazine.
If the source is self-contained and independent, italicize the title. Italicizes the titles of books, plays, films, magazines, databases, and websites. If the source is part of a larger work, put the title in quotation marks. Articles, articles, chapters, poems, websites, songs, and speeches are all surrounded by quote marks.
In most cases, the title of a work is preserved exactly as it appears in the publication. Do not use periods at the end of journal titles unless they are part of an abbreviation.
Capitalization of titles in academic publications follows specific rules to ensure that the entire title is given equal weight. The first word of the title should be capitalized. All words following the first word are then lowercased.
For example, in APA citation style, the title "How to cite this article" would appear as "How to cite this article".
However, if the title was "How to cite this article in APA format", it would appear as "How to cite this article. "
When writing up a research project, lab report, or essay, it is important to provide complete information on each citation. Include the author's last name, the date published, and the title of the work being cited. Also include the page number if available.
Citations are usually placed within the text of your paper using endnotes or references. Endnotes are used when the information needed for the citation cannot fit into the main body of the text.
How to Capitalize Titles Properly
All main terms in journal names should be capitalized. Titles of lengthy works, such as books and periodicals, should be italicized. Italicize, underline, or quote titles of shorter works, such as journal articles or essays in edited collections. Capitalizing the title of a work is usually only done for literary effect; in practical terms, it is not necessary to do so to identify an article or book within a collection.