A draft is often written in whole sentences. A draft is a piece of writing that contains key concepts that will be expanded upon in the final form of the work. This means that reading the draft will give an idea about what the article is going to be about.
A rough draft is usually written in partial sentences. A rough draft is a first attempt at writing; as you go along, you can see which parts need more work and which ideas should be developed further. This type of draft is useful for getting your thoughts on paper and testing out different ideas before putting effort into refining them.
A first draft is usually written in fragmented sentences. A first draft is a very rough version of your work that may or may not be readable. The main goal of this type of draft is to express all your ideas and opinions on a subject effectively without editing them later. Often, writers use this draft to test the waters with their readers by seeing how much attention they can get from them.
A second draft is usually written in complete sentences. A second draft is an improved version of your work that usually includes changes based on feedback received from others. This type of draft is useful for making sure that your writing is clear and concise without boring your reader with too much information.
A summary is a synthesis of a piece of writing's essential ideas, expressed in your own words (i.e., paraphrased). A summary can be written as a stand-alone assignment or as part of a broader paper.
The goal of summary writing is to present the main points of the text in a concise and compelling way that will attract readers who were not necessarily interested in the entire essay.
Summarizing involves selecting and organizing the information found in the original piece of writing while still expressing these ideas in your own words. This process allows you to keep the original message of the text while simplifying it for readers who may not have the time or interest to read the whole thing. You should always attempt to give a brief but accurate account of the subject matter.
Summary paragraphs usually begin with a question about the topic of the article or section being summarized. For example, if the topic is "Americans today are less happy than they were 20 years ago," a summary paragraph might begin with the following question: "Why are Americans becoming less happy?" The answer to this question would be used as the basis for explaining what really happens when Americans look at the statistics on happiness.
In conclusion, summarizing is a useful tool for bringing together the main ideas in an article or section while still expressing these ideas in your own words.
Every phrase you produce in academic writing must be grammatically complete. A grammatically complete phrase contains a full notion and may stand alone. It comprises of a subject, a verb, and, if necessary, a complement. For example, the phrase "the orchestra played well" is complete because it has a subject (orchestra) and a verb (played). It does not need a complement because it contains both a direct object ("well") and an indirect object ("them"). Direct objects represent what someone or something receives when you use the word that followed the suffix -ly with a noun.
Indirect objects represent who or what is given to accomplish a purpose. They are always preceded by the preposition to and follow a verb or other indirect object. For example, "I sent him/her an e-mail" or "Please send him/her tickets to the concert." The e-mail and tickets will reach their destinations once they have been sent. Therefore, they are indirect objects.
Objects are always represented by a noun or noun phrase. Objects can be people, places, things, or ideas. When you write about someone, they are called subjects; when you write about something, it is called an object. There are three types of objects: direct, indirect, and demonstrative.
Direct objects are those that explicitly name persons or things.