Books, movies, plays, TV programs, newspapers, magazines, websites, music albums, operas, musical theater, paintings, sculptures, and other works of art are all examples of this. Long and short play titles are typically italicized. The titles of poetry and short works of fiction are usually surrounded by quotation marks. Music is an exception; the title case depends on how it is set up.
The first thing to understand about italicizing titles is that you can only italicize words in the title. You cannot create emphasis by using italics for other elements, such as capital letters or underlining. Also, although small type can be used to make titles look like they're not part of the main body of the work, this practice is rare. Finally, while books and articles are usually italicized, films and songs are not.
As with most typographic issues, what you see depends on several factors: the designer, the publisher, and the typesetter. Sometimes two different people will come up with different solutions for how to format a title. For example, one person may decide to use italics for the entire title, while another may choose to use them only for the first word or phrase. When there's more than one word in the title, the most effective way of dividing it into different parts is with a space. This allows the reader to start at the beginning of a new sentence with each word.
Long and brief play titles are typically italicized. Long poems, short films, and the longer stories known as "novellas" fall into a murky area; some people italicize the titles, while others use quotation marks. The style varies from writer to writer or publisher to publisher.
The title of a play is always set in capital letters, even if it's only for the opening night. If there are characters in the play who speak without words, such as a pianist playing by memory, then their title should be in capitals too. Final titles may include any special instructions for directors or actors. These can include cues for entrances or exits, changes of scene, etc.
Short story titles are usually given in caps with a short dash between them- similar to chapter titles in a book. Novelists have more freedom in their styling; they can use all caps, small capitals, italics, or a mixture of these. Sometimes the title is printed in a different color or typeface to indicate which part of the work it appears in.
Film directors often take credit for the original idea when that is not true (see also: screenplays). They may also like to claim authorship of certain scenes within their movies; this is particularly common with comic book fans who may want to give credit to one of their favorite artists.
Movies, television series, plays, scientific species names, paintings, and works of art are also commonly italicized. Chapter titles, television episode titles, chapter titles, brief poems, and short tales are examples of shorter works that use quote marks. Full-length novels are normally set in all-capitals style, but some authors may choose to have certain characters' names appear in italics (e.g. Shakespeare used this convention).
In general, if a word is part of the title of a work or article then it should be set in italics. For example, the name "The Divine Comedy" should be set in italics because it is a species name.
However, if the work in question is not a species name but rather a regular word that happens to be capitalized, then it should not be set in italics. For example, the phrase "Good morning, world!" would not make sense if it were set in italics since it is not a species name.
Also, if you are using italics to indicate a quotation, like when someone says something in conversation and you want to refer back to it later, then these words should also be set in italics. Otherwise, they will not be clear when read out loud.
Italicized book, play, film, magazines, databases, and online titles are italicized. If the source is part of a larger work, put the title in quotation marks. Articles, articles, chapters, poems, websites, songs, and speeches are all surrounded by quote marks. Titles in paragraphs or sentences are not italicized.
Underlined titles are used to call attention to something within the text. Underlining works best with words that stand out from the rest of the sentence or paragraph; it also helps if they are capitalized. Underlining can be done using a pen or pencil, but it's also possible using a computer program. There are two ways to underline text on a computer: manually and with annotations.
Manually underlining text requires that you select each word that you want to be underlined and then click the "underline" button on your keyboard. This style of underlining should only be used for short passages of text or those that do not require precision. For longer pieces of text or ones that you may need to repeat multiple times, using annotations is recommended. With annotations, you draw around each word or phrase that you want to be underlined and then click the "add annotation" button on your toolbar. Pressing the return key will place a line break after the current word and will trigger the add-annotation button so you can mark another word or phrase.
Work titles should be italicized (books, magazines, newspapers, movies, plays, and CDs). For shorter works, use quote marks (book chapters, articles, poems, and songs).
Use lower-case letters for the titles of short books.
Long titles, such as novels, movies, or record albums, should be italicized in general. Poems, essays, book chapters, music, and television shows should all have their titles in quote marks. Titles that are not quoted expressions such as "The Battle of Waterloo" or "God Save the Queen" are usually not italicized.
The use of italics to mark titles was popularized in England by Thomas Maitland in his 1660 book Of the Civil Wars of England. In America, John Adams is credited with introducing this practice into the United States government documents.
It has been suggested that using italics to mark album titles began with The Beatles' 1966 release My Name Is Paul. However, this claim lacks evidence since neither the album's cover nor its title track were written in italics.
Song titles are often short phrases or single words. When used in songs they are normally not set in italics. However, for aesthetic purposes, some musicians do choose to set them in bold or otherwise emphasize them through the use of punctuation or other design elements.
Some musicians prefer to keep song titles unemphasized because they feel doing so gives them more freedom in terms of creativity.