The Odyssey has traditionally been thought of as a companion work to Homer's Iliad. Butler proposed that the Odyssey was written by a 'bright, high-spirited' young lady, and that Trapani in Sicily may be recognized as Homer's Ithaca. She argued that the inclusion of characters and events unique to the Odyssey proves that it was not an afterthought but instead used as a vehicle for Pygmalion to express his own ideas.
Butler did not provide any evidence to support her theory, and it is now believed that both poems were composed by a team of poets working within a large institution such as an academy or university.
In any case, what can we learn about women in ancient Greece from the fact that they are rarely mentioned in the classics? Women had many of the same rights as men in ancient Greece, including the right to own property and make legal contracts. However, there are very few examples of female authorship in classical literature because most writers were men who wanted to show off their knowledge rather than tell a story. This is probably why only male poets have names we know today: Apollonius of Rhodes, Bacchylides, Pindar, Simonides of Ceos, and Theocritus.
It also explains why we don't find many famous women artists in antiquity.
The Odyssey, attributed to Homer but perhaps authored by a woman, lends support to the hypothesis that it was penned by a female poet. Nausicaa is one of the Odyssey's female characters. Samuel Butler, an English humorist, felt that the epic poem was written by a woman and claimed her as the author. He based this assertion on how similar some of the passages in the work are to descriptions found in the writings of Euripides and others.
If you ask most people they will say no, however there are those who may say yes if you explain it well enough. The Odyssey was not written by a single person but rather by many people over a long period of time. It has been suggested that Nausicaa was the princess who led the charge against the Trojan Horse. If this is true then she would have been quite young when it happened so she would not have had time to write her own name anywhere within the text. However, she could have given instructions to someone who did have time to write such as her mother or tutor.
Homer is thought to be the first writer who used poetry as we know it today. Before his time, poems were composed in monosyllabic lines with no specific meter (the exception being the Iliad, which is sung). So although women may have contributed to the writing of the Odyssey, they didn't do so until much later. Women were not allowed to read or write at all in ancient Greece.
The Iliad and Odyssey, two enormously important epic poetry of ancient Greece, are thought to have been written by Homer. The Iliad is believed to have been composed around 790 B.C., while the Odyssey is dated about 450 B.C. Therefore, Homer must have been a very old man when he wrote these poems.
Homer's existence is well documented in both Greek and Roman history. He is said to have been the blind poet-musician from the island of Chios who lived in the 8th century B.C. Many aspects of his life can be verified by historical sources; for example, he was known as a slave but owned by a wealthy nobleman. It is also known that he was famous throughout Greece for his songs which were sung at religious rites and celebrations. Some scholars believe that he may have been the author of other works such as hymns and dithyrambs (instrumental music) but this is not certain.
In conclusion, it can be said that Homer wrote the Iliad and Odyssey and he is considered the father of European poetry because of his technical skill as a writer and musician. These two poems set the standard for all future epics thanks to their use of language and style.