Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru wrote a birthday letter from Naini Prison to his daughter, Indira, on her 13th birthday. — Nehru tells his daughter to be transparent in all aspects of the liberation fight and to never do anything behind closed doors. — He instructs his daughter to labor in the sun and light. He says people will not follow you if you are not willing to sacrifice yourself for them.
Nehru's letters were published in book form in 1957 under the title "The Selected Letters of Jawaharlal Nehru".
Here is an excerpt from the letter:
"You must realize that if you want to lead others, you must first lead yourself. People cannot follow your example if you do not give of yourself. Give of your energy, enthusiasm, and ideas, and they will be taken up by others.
"Labor in the sunshine and the light. This is important. You must know that if you want others to work with you, you should also work with them. Help them to understand their duties and let them know what can be done efficiently by somebody else. It is not possible and it is very unhealthy.
"Be honest and truthful in every matter, especially those that affect others. If you lie or cheat, even unconsciously, your reputation will be destroyed forever among people who matter to you."
Letters from a Father to His Daughter is a compilation of letters written by Jawaharlal Nehru to his daughter Indira Priyadarshini, first published in 1929 by Allahabad Law Journal Press at Nehru's request and containing just the 30 letters delivered in the summer of 1928, when Indira was 10 years old. The book is divided into three parts: Part I covers the years 1877-1889, when Jawaharlal was imprisoned in British prisons; Part II covers the years 1890-1914, when he lived as a free man in England and Switzerland; and Part III covers the years 1915-28, when he returned to India and became its prime minister.
Nehru wrote Letters from a Father to His Daughter to give his daughter an understanding of her past and future role in life. The letters were based on notes that Jawaharlal had made during their meetings. They cover topics such as religion, philosophy, society, politics, economics and education. In addition, the letters contain personal remarks by Jawaharlal about his daughter and himself.
The book was a great success and has remained in print ever since. It has been translated into many languages including English, French, German, Spanish, Italian, Russian and Chinese.
Indira Gandhi was one of the most important political leaders of modern India. She was president of both the Indian National Congress and the Indian Parliament between 1966 and 1977. She died in 1984.
He penned these letters to compensate for his absence. He wanted to make his kid aware of her surroundings and situations. Nehru's objective was to provide Indira with an unbiased picture of history as well as the current situation of circumstances while she was young and impressionable. This way, he could help guide her decisions when she became an adult.
In addition, the letters were a way for Nehru to express his views on political issues of the time. He often did so in a subtle manner that would not cause controversy or create divisions within the family circle.
Finally, the letters provided some comfort to Indira who had lost her father at such a young age. Even though he was gone, Nehrus' presence remained through their conversations which helped her cope with this loss.
Source: Why did Nehru write letters to his daughter? Published in Quora.