Direct quotes are when you use another person's precise words in your own work. Quote marks are always used in pairs. Do not start a quotation and then fail to finish it at the end of the cited item. Capitalize the initial letter of the direct quote when the cited text is a complete sentence. Otherwise, lower-case the word "quote."
Examples: "The apple pie and ice cream are the two greatest gifts to man," said George Washington. "Well done!" replied Steve Jobs when he received an advance copy of Apple's new product line before his death. "I'm feeling lucky," said Michael Jordan after making a shot during a game. "Lucky" was his response when asked why he thought he was so successful.
Quotes may also be referred to as aphorisms, sayings, or adages. They are short phrases or sentences that make a point about life or society. Many famous quotes can be considered as aphorisms including "God helps those who help themselves", "Actions have consequences", and "Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day; teach a man to fish and you feed him for a lifetime".
Some quotes are also called proverbs or mottoes. A proverb is a simple phrase that means "a thing often said or done": "Honesty is the best policy" is a proverb.
Quotations are classified into two types: direct and indirect. Direct quotes employ the precise wording, whether spoken or written, from a source other than our own writing or speech, and must be surrounded by quotation marks. Indirect quotes are paraphrases or summaries of sources and do not require quotation marks.
Examples of direct quotations include words spoken by people such as presidents, royalty, and famous actors. Indirect quotations include phrases created by writers or speakers who may or may not have said exactly what has been attributed to them. For example, an author might write "The president was quoted as saying..." When quoting words that were not spoken directly, authors usually add "it is believed that" or "it is reported that" to indicate that they are summarizing information found in other sources.
Direct and indirect quotations can appear in any type of work product including books, articles, reviews, interviews, speeches, and the like. Writers use quotations to highlight important ideas in their works while allowing for variation on specific words or phrases within those works.
Knowing how to properly use quotations will help readers understand your ideas while maintaining the integrity of the source material.
A direct quote (or direct quotation) is the precise words taken from one source and utilized in another. The material from the original is used in both direct and indirect quotes; the direct quote also contains the exact words, whilst the indirect quote does not. For example, the sentence "The dog wagged its tail" is a direct quote because the words are taken directly from a source and used in their exact form.
An indirect quote is based on someone else's statement or idea rather than on first-hand knowledge. This means that an indirect quote can be different to what was actually said or thought. For example, one could say about someone who has just done something impressive: "Everyone else was looking at their phones, but he/she had the eyes of a lion." In this case, someone has indirectly quoted King Solomon when he wrote that with our eyes we see what the mind is thinking about (Prov. 23:5).
Quotes are often attributed to people memory-wise, so they might not recall exactly what they said or did. This is why others will often paraphrase what they think you meant before adding their own opinion or interpretation. This is called indirection and can be used effectively in writing to create interest or add context to a story.
Direct quotes are useful when you want to show the exact wording of a phrase, word, or sentence.
What exactly is a direct quotation? A direct quote is a word-for-word reproduction of information taken straight from another author's work or your own previously published work. Cite the cited source and page number in parentheses after the last punctuation mark at the conclusion of a block quotation. (See also indirect quotation.)
An example of a direct quotation would be: "The writer of this sentence is quoted as saying..." Another example would be: "A book with chapters I, II, III is an illustration of what he called 'the law of association.'" Both sentences contain quotes from other people; therefore, they are both examples of direct quotations.
It is important to distinguish between direct and indirect quotations because they require different methods for citation. With indirect quotations, you use quotation marks but not page numbers. For example, if you were to write down something someone said and wanted to reference it later, you could do so by including these words within quotation marks: "As Shakespeare wrote on the back of his bank note," or "Taylor used the term 'association of ideas' when describing the process by which we learn." Indirect quotations don't need page numbers because the reader can look up the source material later.
With direct quotations, however, you must include the source's name within quotation marks and follow it with page numbers in order to properly reference the source.