Organizational patterns demonstrate the links between supporting information in paragraphs, essays, and chapters. Furthermore, a topic phrase or thesis statement may not indicate how the paragraph will be organized. The organizational pattern also includes the use of headers and subheads.
The five major types of organization include: chronological, geographical, methodological, stylistic, and conceptual.
Chronological organization is the most basic form of organization. It can be used to describe events in date order or people/places in time order. A chronologically ordered essay would start with early events that influence America today and end with recent events that affect America tomorrow. Geographical organization is used when discussing places in the world or events occurring within a specific region. Geographically ordered essays would discuss events in different parts of the country and how they relate to one another over time. Methodological organization is used for essays that discuss ways of solving problems or obtaining knowledge. These essays often begin with a short description of previous research efforts and then present new ideas or approaches for pursuing future studies. Stylistically ordered essays follow a particular style or format that is common to many articles in general interest magazines or newspapers. These formats usually include a headline, a summary sentence, and several paragraphs. Essays written in this manner can be difficult to read because there is no link between the summary sentence and its following paragraph.
The structure of supporting facts assists you in understanding how an author thinks and in remembering what you read. Patterns can also help organize your reading material by topic or time period.
Patterns are very useful in essay writing because they help make connections between ideas. For example, when writing about discrimination based on gender, you could point out that the law prohibits this behavior but that it is still commonplace in our society. This connection between the idea of discrimination against women and the failure of the law to prevent it makes sense because it shows that the problem lies with the law itself rather than with women as individuals. In a similar way, you could connect the idea of discrimination against women with the idea of discrimination against minorities by pointing out that these are all forms of bigotry that exist together - no one is discriminated against if not women or if not minorities.
When writing an essay, it is helpful to know which topics are related to each other. For example, if you were writing about the impact of television programs on children, you would want to explain why certain programs are harmful and provide examples. You could describe how some programs feature violence that many children find attractive or otherwise normalize, while others show more positive influences.
Organizational patterns can be discovered through the author's use of transitions or "signal words." Recognizing the pattern by which academic writing is ordered might assist the reader in putting all of the data together and understanding what the work is about.
In this article, we will look at how Stephen King organizes his books. He uses a pattern called the "plot-driven structure." This means that he starts with a plot point (also known as a turning point) and builds from there.
King uses subplots to add depth to his stories. Subplots are areas of action within the main plot that do not necessarily lead up to or down from the central story line but still play an important role in determining what happens next. For example, in The Stand, one subplot involves a virus that turns its victims into violent psychopaths while another subject matter that does not involve any actual zombies but is very disturbing nonetheless.
Subplots are often used by authors to show us different sides of their characters. This makes the story more realistic because we never really know what kind of person is under the skin clothes. They may seem like one thing on the outside but be something completely different on the inside.
Another aspect that helps readers understand how writers organize their work is the use of titles.
A chronological system of organization organises information in a forward or backward flow of time. When a topic is best comprehended in terms of multiple periods of time, a chronological structure works effectively. Topics of a historical character, for example, are best structured using this approach. The term "chronological" here means that information is arranged by date or time.
In contrast, an age-based system organizes information by age group. For example, a company might organize its database by employee age (20s, 30s, 40s, 50s), with each section or file being labeled accordingly. This is effective for companies that hire many young people and lose many old ones to retirement; however, it can be difficult for older employees to find relevant information if they aren't grouped by age.
A position-based system organizes information by job role. For example, an organization might organize its database by office location: North America Headquarters, Europe Headquarters, Asia Headquarters. This system is effective for organizations that post different jobs throughout their business. It also allows them to identify similarities and differences in how issues are handled at each location.
A subject-based system organizes information by subject matter expertise. For example, an organization might organize its database by department: Human Resources, Marketing, Engineering. This system is effective for businesses that have many distinct departments that all need access to the same information.
A passage's organizing structure serves as a framework for the flow of ideas. The chronological organizing structure is perhaps the most popular in fiction writing, as ideas flow from one to the next in chronological sequence. Nonfiction can also use chronological sequence to structure actions or information. For example, an article about American history might start with Columbus discovering America and end with Obama being elected president.
The logical organizing structure is used when ideas are related but not necessarily in order. For example, if you were to organize your thoughts on the causes of cancer, you could group them by type of cancer: lung cancer, breast cancer, etc. Even though these events are not happening in order, they are all related to each other because they are all forms of cancer. Logical sequence allows you to think about problems or topics without getting lost or confused. It is useful when writing essays too; for example, you could divide your essay into sections based on the topic it covers.
The spatial organizing structure is used when ideas must be placed in physical proximity to each other. Spatial sequence can help create cohesion between items that would otherwise be separated out by time or type. For example, if you were describing the different types of cancer, you could put each type of cancer in the right column next to the corresponding picture. This would help the reader understand how cancers are similar and different at the same time.