Sonnets are 14-line poetic poetry with a specified rhyme pattern. Sonnets are often composed of two opposing personalities, events, opinions, or feelings. The sonnet form is used by poets to explore the tension that arises between the two parts. Several sonnet structures have emerged over the years. Modern sonnets typically follow the structure described by Shakespeare in his collection of sonnets.
The sonnet has been called the music of poetry because of its structured design and regular iambic pentameter rhythm. It is also a sequence because it consists of a series of similar but not identical parts (see term).
The sonnet normally has three parts: 1 a statement of the problem or issue being explored through the poem; 2 one idea or image for each part of a line of the poem; and 3 a resolution of the problem or conclusion to the image or idea.
Examples of problems addressed by sonnets include love, death, jealousy, faith, hope, and anger. Examples of images used to represent these problems include roses, lemons, snakes, stars, suns, moons, and icicles. A resolution of the problem is then provided at the end of the sonnet. Often, the resolution includes words such as "but," "however," or "nevertheless."
Sonnets were originally written for entertainment purposes.
A sonnet is a fourteen-line poem that uses one of many formal rhyme patterns. A poem is a piece of literature in which the expression of sentiments and ideas is given emphasis via the use of language, rhyme, rhythm, and imagery. Although poems can be written in any style, most are free verse or formally structured.
Sonnets tend to focus on one central idea or theme, which is expressed through allusion, analogy, and metaphor. They often seek to resolve an issue, solve a problem, or make a point through comparison with other things. While some sonnets are humorous, many others are quite serious. There are many different types of sonnets including the sonnet sequence, the sonnet group, and the sonnet cycle.
Poems are usually shorter than songs. Some poems are also called epics because they cover a large subject matter or deal with major issues. Others focus on a single event or experience. Still others make no sense when read out loud; these are known as limericks.
Many poets write both sonnets and longer poems. Shakespeare is an example of a poet who wrote both sonnets and longer poems. He created several sequences of sonnets dedicated to particular women he loved without committing suicide. These sequences of sonnets are called plays by modern writers.
There are also poems that use multiple forms simultaneously.
A sonnet is a fourteen-line poem with a specified rhyme system. Iambic pentameter is commonly used in sonnets: five sets of unstressed syllables followed by stressed syllables for a ten-syllable line. Short lines are also called tercets or trios.
Tercets were originally used in English poetry to group three related poems together. The first two groups of sonnets in William Shakespeare's 154-line collection The Passionate Pilgrim are titled "From fair youth until now" and "In time the merry dance began". They include poems about various passions of young people, such as love and lust. These groups are called "tercets" because they contain three parts in relation to one another (one trio, one tercet).
The final group of sonnets in The Passionate Pilgrim is called "Sonnets from the Portuguese". They describe the poet's love for two women named Constance and Lucrece.
Shakespeare probably learned how to write sonnets from other poets who wrote in that form, most notably Michael Drayton who lived between 1563 and 1631. Drayton was an English courtier and poet who is considered the father of modern English sonnet writing.
A sonnet is a poetry of fourteen lines. A sonnet's fourteen lines are traditionally made up of an octave (or two quatrains, making up an eight-line stanza) and a sestet (a stanza of six lines). Sonnets are often written in iambic pentameter with a rhyme scheme. There are many different types of rhymes that can be used in a poem; but only end-rhyming couplets (such as "moon"/"moon" or "grass"/"grass") will fit into the rigid structure of a sonnet.
The term "meter" is used to describe the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables within a line of poetry. In English poetry, the most common form of meter is iambic pentameter, which uses five pairs of metered lines to construct a sonnet. The meter expresses emotion through rhythm rather than by using specific words, so it is very flexible. For example, while one pair of lines may be stressed every other line, another might have its stresses shifted so that each line receives an equal amount of stress: this would be known as an even meter.
In addition to regular iambic pentameter, there are several other common forms of meter used in English poetry. Dactylic hexameter has six pairs of metered lines and is used mainly for epic poems. Demi-decemter has ten pairs of metered lines and is used mostly for dramatic poems.