Consider supporting points to be mini-papers with mini-thesis statements (sometimes called main ideas). Supporting arguments "back up" or "prove" your thesis—to the extent that it can genuinely be established. The primary point of each supporting argument is bolded and highlighted in the following essay.
They should not exceed twenty lines of text, including references. For papers longer than this amount a separate supporting document is required.
References must be listed in order of appearance and should only be cited by page number. There is no need to list books or journals in any other way except by title if you are using the author-date system. However, if you are citing multiple articles by the same author then it is acceptable to list them by name. Papers that have been self-published cannot be referenced by their ISSN or ISBN.
Works Cited should always appear at the end of the paper, preceded only by a blank line. It is important that works cited lists are accurate and comprehensive. If you have used information from more than one source, indicate which sources were used and give credit where it is due. Misrepresenting your research or failing to cite relevant work may result in your submission being rejected.
An example citation would look like this: Bartlett, M., & Stiglitz, J. E. (2010). Introduction to economics (6th edition). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Take note of how the supporting arguments are stated throughout the article, including the introduction and conclusion. These arguments provide evidence for the main idea of the essay, allowing it to stand on its own merit.
What exactly is an argument? In academic writing, an argument is generally a core notion, also known as a "claim" or "thesis statement," that is supported by evidence. The term can be applied to both analytical and expository writing.
An argument consists of two main parts: a thesis (or claim) and reasons why this claim is true. The reasons must be given in order to prove the argument valid. There are several types of arguments: logical, rhetorical, dialectical, and formal.
A logical argument proves a conclusion by analyzing and applying the definitions of terms used in the argument. For example, if we were to argue that all mammals are capable of feeling pain, then we would need to know what it means to be human and show that all animals that fit this definition are also capable of feeling pain. A rhetorical argument uses language or examples that appeal to emotion or motivation to make a point. For example, we might use words like "facts", "evidence", "proof", "logic", or "reasoning" to make our case without actually proving anything. An argumentative essay uses both logic and rhetoric to reach one's conclusion. For example, we might start with an idea or a question and then provide different facts or opinions on this topic before explaining why we believe what we do at the end.
In other words, the days of being assigned a "subject" on which you may write anything are over. Today's students are expected to be able to identify facts and establish relationships between them, so they can choose what aspect of what we know about our world to argue about.
An argument should be clear and concise, but it cannot hurt if it is also correct. An argument is not just any old piece of writing, but one that makes a case for why a particular idea or position is good or bad, true or false. Writing instructors use examples of good arguments and bad arguments when teaching their classes.
A good argument should make its point clearly and logically. A logical argument proves or disproves a conclusion using only valid forms of reasoning. These include definitions, examples, cause-and-effect relationships, probabilities, series comparisons, and more. A logical argument is one that uses only these types of reasoning tools in a consistent way. It does not rely on vague concepts such as intuition or subjective feelings for its validity.
In addition to being logical, an argument must be relevant. That is, it must relate to the topic at hand.