A solid paragraph should include at least four elements: a transition, a topic sentence, detailed evidence and analysis, and a succinct conclusion (also known as a warrant): TTEB!
The transition signals the reader that you have changed topics and is usually accomplished with the use of a transitional word or phrase. For example, if you were discussing sports cars and then moved on to discuss luxury brands, your paragraph would contain the words "sports" and "luxury" to indicate that you were changing subjects.
The topic sentence is like a headline for your paragraph or section. It states exactly what part of the text is relevant to answering the question it raises. For example, if I asked you about soccer players you might say something like "Xavi Hernandez is a great midfielder for Spain and Barcelona." The first part of your statement, "Xavi Hernandez," is the topic sentence because it tells me what portion of the article is relevant to the question I raised. The second part describes a player who plays for Spain and Barca, so it is evidence that supports the topic sentence.
Detailed evidence includes anything that helps the reader understand the topic sentence and supporting facts/statistics/studies. Evidence can be extensive - an entire paragraph or even page long - but it should never require reading beyond the topic sentence.
This paragraph should include 6-8 solid sentences. A subject sentence, transitions into your proof of the feature, evidence to support your claim, an explanation of your evidence, and a conclusion sentence are required in all body paragraphs!
Each body paragraph should begin with a powerful, concise topic phrase (10–15 words). The topic sentence must be followed by two to three sentences of supporting evidence. Most critically, each body paragraph must end with reflection (2–3 phrases). Without reflection, the reader loses interest in the essay.
Here are some examples of effective beginning paragraphs:
The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.
The short story "The nightingale" and the long poem "Thyestes" both deal with violent revenge against an enemy. In "The nightingale," the king learns that his beloved son has married the woman he accused of murdering him. In "Thyestes," the king eats his own children because they have betrayed their father's trust by marrying outside their family. Both stories end with the death of the main character.
In English literature, tragedy is a dramatic work that deals with human suffering and loss, often including great violence and humiliation. These works usually involve characters who are proud or arrogant, guilty or innocent, and so on; they can be historical novels, essays, or plays. By contrast, comedies do not suffer violence or distress for its own sake, but rather to achieve a positive outcome for the characters involved.
Each body paragraph includes a topic sentence that tells readers what the paragraph is about; supporting sentences that discuss the idea or ideas in the topic sentence, using examples and/or evidence to support that discussion; and a concluding sentence that emphasizes the importance of the supporting sentences...
Each body paragraph should have three main sentences: a topic sentence, which expresses the main idea of the paragraph; one or more supporting sentences, which add detail or clarification about this main idea; and a concluding sentence that summarizes the information in the paragraph.
For example, here is a body paragraph for a student who wants to explain how birds are able to fly with such ease despite having very little muscle control over their wings:
Birds are able to fly because they use their feathers to generate lift, just like an airplane. However, while airplanes need rigid structures to function (such as the fuselage of a plane), birds can fly with much more flexible bodies because they have thick layers of fat and muscles near their wings that allow them to bend without breaking.
Supporting sentences would include details about how birds achieve lift with their feathers, including describing how different parts of a bird's wing work together to create drag when it moves through the air.
An successful paragraph should always include the following four elements: unity, coherence, a topic sentence, and enough development. These elements are the building blocks of any good essay or article.
Unity refers to the agreement among the various parts of a composition that they are all related to each other. In other words, that there is a connection between one section of the essay and another. This connection can be seen by using different methods such as matching phrases, repeating words, or using similar structures from one part of the essay to another.
Coherence is the quality of making everything fit together coherently. This means that the different parts of the essay are connected in a logical way, so that it makes sense when reading the document as a whole.
A topic sentence is a sentence (or phrase) that states the main idea of the paragraph or piece of writing. It's usually written at the beginning of the paragraph or article and gives the reader a clear picture of what will follow later in the text.
Finally, sufficient development means that every paragraph should develop or expand on its subject matter. This means that each paragraph should have a clear relationship to the previous one and the next one. It also means that each paragraph should contribute something new to the discussion.