The class will then examine the main components of a story line, relating back to a work that students studied the previous week: exposition, conflict, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution. These components are the basic building blocks of any narrative work of art, whether it is a play or a novel.
Exposition occurs when information about the setting, characters, and situation is given to the reader or audience. This could be done visually (e.g., showing a character reading a newspaper article) or verbally (e.g., telling the reader what city you're in). Generally, writers avoid using exclamation marks or scene breaks to show where exposition has been delivered because they believe it makes their stories seem less important.
Conflict is the state of affairs between two or more characters or groups of characters that determine why the story is being told in the first place. In other words, conflict is what drives a story forward. There are three types of conflict: internal, external, and circumstantial. Internal conflict involves questions of character motivation which must be answered before the story can progress. External conflict is caused by events outside of the characters' control, such as conflicts with law enforcement or other villains. Circumstantial conflict arises out of the necessity for the characters to make difficult decisions about how to proceed under limited information.
Explain to the students that the storyline of this film is divided into six sections: 1 exposition, 2 conflict, 3 rising action, 4 climax, 5 falling action, and 6 resolution. Tell the students to take notes on these words.
Now, discuss with the class how many times these words appear in the screenplay.
Exposition - describes the circumstances which lead up to the beginning of the story. Examples would be a newspaper article or a conversation between characters. Conflict - the turning point in the story when two opposing forces collide. This could be something that happens physically (a fight scene), or it could be an emotional issue (love vs. hate). Rising Action - events or situations that increase in difficulty or excitement as the story progresses. The battle between good and evil in this movie fits under this category. Climax - the most difficult part of the script to write - it must contain all the elements of tension and surprise value. The climax of this movie deals with a car accident. Resolution - the final outcome of the story, where we learn if the hero wins or loses. Usually, this is revealed at the end of the first act. But since this is a pilot there is still room for more stories to be told within the script.
Now, compare these numbers to your own screenplay.
Exposition, increasing action, climax, declining action, and resolution are all components of a story's narrative. An additional component is often included as well: a plot mountain. The term was coined by author John Gardner in his book On Writing Well; it refers to a scene or section of a story that rises dramatically in difficulty or intensity—usually toward a peak and then gradually declines through resolution.
Every story has a rising action portion where the characters struggle with an obstacle they cannot overcome by themselves. This could be something as simple as trying to open a locked door without a key or calling for help when someone is injured. As the story progresses, the characters continue to face new challenges that grow more difficult to deal with. By the end, the problem or threat that began the story should have been resolved, or at least put into a state where it can no longer harm the characters.
The climax of a story is its most intense or dramatic moment. It can be a fight scene, a car chase, a fall, etc. The climax usually includes a conflict between two opposing forces or ideas. One side must win out over the other.
The resolution resolves the conflict that has been building up throughout the story.
The more you can do to engage your audience in the story, the more likely they will be to watch its entire length from start to finish.
Exposition occurs when a writer tells readers what has already taken place, who is involved, and why it matters. The more information given about the past and present situations of a character or characters, the more understanding readers will have of them and the easier it will be for them to relate to their experiences.
Conflict is the main driver behind every story. It is what makes things exciting and keeps readers turning the pages. There are two types of conflict: internal and external. Internal conflict arises within a character themselves; it is based on their desires and needs. For example, a character may want something which another character believes should not be wanted or needed. In this case, there is an argument to be had between these two characters which causes them to struggle with each other inside themselves until one side wins out over the other.
External conflict involves people outside of the character.
The narrative's basic situation—this is where the reader receives the background knowledge needed to comprehend the plot. The three most common types of narrative situations are stories, dramas, and films.
Stories have a beginning, a middle, and an end. They usually involve one set of characters discussing events that affect another set of characters. Stories are used to tell anecdotes, moral tales, and fables. Some examples are "A Charlie Brown Christmas", "Romeo and Juliet", and "Hamlet".
Dramas use action to advance the story instead of discussion between characters. They often include multiple sets of characters with different conflicts to resolve. Some examples are "Saving Private Ryan" and "The Godfather".
Films use both dialogue and action to advance the story. They are also called moving pictures because the screen itself moves when the film is shown in a movie theater. Films require special equipment to project images onto the screen from behind it. At the end of the film, these projected images come together to form a picture.
Images are important for movies as well as novels. Without them, films would be very dull!