It offers no judgements about the work, nor does it disclose study results or conclusions. It does include essential terms from the text as well as the purpose, methodologies, and scope of the research. An abstract is also limited to approximately 250 words.
Characteristics of an Abstract
An abstract is a brief summary of the main ideas in a paper. Like all summaries, it should be concise but comprehensive. It should give the reader enough information to understand the significance of the study but not so much that they will miss important details. The abstract should include all of the necessary information for others to decide if the paper is worth reading in its entirety.
Abstracts play an important role in academic publishing. They provide readers with a summary of the contents of a book, journal, or other publication that are not suitable for extensive review. For this reason, they are useful tools for scholars to gain attention for their work. Indeed, many researchers find that being able to quickly summarize their studies in a few sentences makes them more accessible to potential reviewers and audiences.
The abstract must include all of the essential information for others to decide if the paper is worth reading in its entirety. This includes topics covered in the paper, the significance of the study, previous work done on the same subject, and the main findings.
One or two sentences outlining why the study was conducted. One paragraph outlining the research methodologies employed Results: One or two paragraphs of text summarizing the research findings. Discussion: The researcher's interpretation and analysis of the results, including implications for future research.
The abstract should be no more than 250 words long. Do not go into considerable detail about specific parts of the research, such as experimental techniques or statistical approaches. Any material not required for a quick explanation should be preserved for the written research paper or the project exhibit board.
In addition to providing necessary information, the abstract should also be able to catch the attention of potential reviewers and funding agencies. Explain what is unique about this study that makes it stand out from others in the field. Include any relevant previous work on related subjects. Finally, the abstract should provide sufficient information for others to decide whether or not to read the full article.
Do not submit an abstract that contains any missing information or that is not consistent with journal requirements. Abstracts that do not follow these guidelines may be rejected without review.
Abstracts are usually prepared using word processing software and then printed in black and white on 8 1/2 x 11 inch paper. However, some journals have started allowing authors to submit PDF files instead. These can be viewed freely online by other researchers, which can help them determine if their topic is worth investigating further.
Submitting Your Abstract
1. Click the "Submit New Abstract" button at the bottom of every issue page. You will need to fill out a short form before your abstract can be reviewed.
The length of an abstract should be between 150 and 250 words. Review of Literature Abstracts
The findings section is the most crucial component of the abstract, and nothing should jeopardize its scope and quality. As a result, the results section should be the largest component of the abstract and should provide as much detail about the findings as the journal word count allows. An abstract that does not include sufficient information to make conclusions about the findings will only frustrate readers.
An abstract should be concise but comprehensive. It should give readers enough information to understand what the study found and whether it supports or contradicts previous research on the topic. Authors should not assume that readers will read more than one paper or review article on their subject. If they omit important details in an attempt to keep the abstract brief, those details will likely be included in the following manuscript or publication. Therefore, authors should take time to write detailed abstracts that will not need to be revised later.
Results sections often report descriptive statistics such as means and frequencies. However, studies also commonly use inferential statistics to prove causal relationships between variables. For example, if one were to examine how social support is related to depression symptoms, then one would want to know whether greater levels of social support are associated with lower rates of depression. An inferential statistical analysis like this would require the inclusion of control groups or comparison groups to prove causation. Statistical analyses are beyond the scope of most abstracts because they require detailed descriptions of methods and complex mathematical formulas.