Renaissance poetry was distinguished by wit, elegance, and truth. Repetition was employed by poets to accentuate their thoughts. During the Renaissance, Shakespeare was the maestro of the dramatic genre. His abilities in characterisation and word invention demonstrated his brilliance. Amongst his most famous works are Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, and Macbeth.
The Renaissance is known for its major philosophers such as Descartes, Galileo, and Newton. Also, Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo are two more famous artists from this period. Their innovative ideas helped shape culture during this time.
Some academics believe that the Renaissance was a single event, while others argue that it was a period of transition between the Middle Ages and modern times. However, no one disputes that it had an enormous impact on art, science, and philosophy. For example, humanism promoted an interest in humanity, which led to a growth in the medical field. It also encouraged artists to depict reality rather than myth or fiction.
Some scholars claim that the Renaissance began with the Italian city-states defeating the empire of Constantinople, but this is not true. Instead, they argue that the Renaissance started when the Italians came into contact with Greek thought, which influenced many Latin writers like Cicero. This shows that the Renaissance wasn't just an Italian phenomenon; instead, it was a global movement that affected everyone involved.
Poetry became one of the most prized kinds of writing throughout the Renaissance, and it was frequently accompanied by music. The lyric, tragedy, elegy, and pastoral were the most prevalent poetry genres used throughout this time period, according to The Literature Network. These poems often included descriptions of nature that now would be considered scientific. For example, one of Lucretius's works describes how atoms shape molecules into plants and animals.
Renaissance poets were not only concerned with describing nature but also exploring human emotion. They asked questions such as "what is love?" and "who can truly be trusted?" Topics such as these are still discussed today in poems called sonnets. Although many people think that Shakespeare was the first to write modern sonnets, this isn't true. They had been written before him, according to Wikipedia.
The Renaissance poet John Donne is considered one of the founders of modern poetry because he explored ideas about mortality and lost love. He is known for his series of poems called "the sonnets".
Donne's work pre-dating Shakespeare's by more than 100 years shows that poetry was becoming important again after the plague killed off many of Italy's 1350 scribes.
People started publishing books with poetry in them again because they wanted to share information with others. Some of these books were best-sellers that have survived until today.
Shakespeare was a proponent of the Renaissance in the following ways: Shakespeare modernized the pre-Renaissance drama's basic, two-dimensional literary style. He concentrated in developing human figures with psychological complexities. When creating his plays, Shakespeare drew on his knowledge of Greek and Roman literature. He also read many other contemporary authors, including Christopher Marlowe, Thomas Kyd, Francis Bacon, and John Donne.
Shakespeare's works reflected the Renaissance in their ideas about government, society, and culture. For example:
• In Henry VI, part 1, Shakespeare presented a vision of the early Tudor state by showing how one man's violence can destroy a kingdom. The play begins with England at war with France after the death of King Henry V. Prince Henry tries to keep her country together by means of diplomacy and negotiation but fails. So he invades France and defeats the French in several battles. However, this only leads to more trouble as England is now divided into two hostile camps.
• In Henry VI, part 2, written some years later, Shakespeare continued to criticize the nobility of England for their greed and ambition. Also, it shows that even though kings are supposed to be above politics, they are not immune to corruption.
Because of the unprecedented flood of information, poetry and theatre became common creative conceptions throughout all classes. Music also became a popular form of entertainment during this time.
Their popularity can be seen in the many poems written about various subjects, such as love, courtly life, and history. These poems were often part of larger collections intended to appeal to different tastes and interests. Some examples include the Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri, which is composed of three parts dealing with heaven, hell, and purgatory, respectively; and The Canterbury Tales, a collection of stories told by travelers along England's south coast that ends with each teller telling his or her own story.
In addition to these formal poems, poets also wrote about their own experiences and those around them. This kind of poem is known as a sonnet or ode. Shakespeare is usually credited with introducing both the sonnet and the ode into English literature.
The Italian poet Petrarch originally coined the term "Renaissance" when he sent copies of some of his works to various artists and scholars in an attempt to get them to praise him.