A Poetic Terms Glossary A nonliteral, expressive use of words. Tropes (such as exaggeration, irony, metaphor, and simile) and schemes are examples of figures of speech (anything involving the ordering and organizing of words—anaphora, antithesis, and chiasmus, for example). Look up all the terminology associated with figures of speech. This may help you understand what poems are trying to tell you.
Poetic language is, in essence, the language most usually associated with poetry. It frequently involves figurative language, since poets frequently employ figures of speech to make commonplace words and phrases appear more exceptional and intriguing, as well as to better convey their message. Poets also often use allusion, which is a reference made by one phrase or sentence within a work of literature to another for comparison or illustration purposes, to create an atmosphere of mystery and enchantment. Finally, poetic language may include similes and metaphors, which are comparisons that link two things that are very different from each other but have some connection. For example, one might say that a person is like a snowflake - unique and beautiful.
In addition to these stylistic devices, many poems contain lines of verse, which are groups of syllables that follow a regular pattern called an accentuation scheme. These schemes were originally devised to be easier to pronounce when read aloud, so they tend to be slurred together (like the music sheets used by singers to accompany themselves while reading music). However, today most people read poetry silently, so the regular patterns help us understand how sounds group together to form words and sentences.
A poem can be written in any genre, but it typically includes elements characteristic of that genre. For example, a sonnet is a type of poem that consists of fourteen lines of three quatrains and a final rhyming couplet.
Poetic language (also known as poetic devices) refers to the instruments of sound or meaning that a poet might employ to enhance the poem's surprise, vividness, complexity, or intrigue. Alliteration, onomatopoeia, imagery, metaphors and similes, and allusion are examples of these strategies. A poem may use more than one of these techniques simultaneously.
Language is the principal tool used by poets to express ideas and feelings. Poets often choose what words they use with care, considering how they will affect the meaning of the poem. For example, using too many nouns in a poem can make it seem factual and boring; on the other hand, if you want your poem to be exciting, use verbs!
The most important thing for you to remember when writing your own poems is that what you want to say can be said in many different ways. You need only to find out which methods work best for you to be able to communicate your ideas successfully.
Poetic diction refers to the language style, terminology, and metaphors employed in the composition of poetry. It was despised by twentieth-century Modernist poets, who asserted once more that there was no such thing as a "prosaic" term inappropriate for poetry. The American poet Allen Ginsberg called poetic diction "a morass of confusion".
In contrast, traditional diction is the use of common vocabulary to express ideas and concepts which cannot be adequately conveyed in ordinary language. Poets have always drawn on the dictionary for words not readily available or not commonly used. But they have also often modified, distorted, or even invented new words to convey an idea or express an emotion beyond the scope of ordinary language.
The choice of poetic diction is important. If it is not right, then the meaning of the poem may be lost in subtle but significant ways. For example, if the poet uses scientific jargon without explaining it, the reader might assume that he is making a particular point about physics or biology - until she realizes that she does not know what he means by "relativity".
Also, if the poet uses technical terms that the reader does not understand, then he is losing control over his message. For example, if a scientist writes a poem about science, he would probably use many unfamiliar words because poems are not expected to be easy to understand.
The phrase "figure of speech" refers to a variety of literary methods, tactics, and other types of figurative language, some of which are as follows:
Sound devices are particular tools that the poet might employ in the poem to generate certain effects that express and reinforce meaning through sound. Repetition, rhyme, alliteration, and assonance are the four most prevalent sound techniques.
A poetic device might be as basic as repetition or rhyme. A figure of speech is a type of technique that goes beyond the literal meaning of the words used to create figurative meaning. Figures of speech include allusion, allegory, anadiplosis (a form of metonymy), antimetabole, assonance, catachresis, chiasmus, hyperbole, ideoplasy, irony, metaphor, metonymic comparison, paronomasia, personification, synecdoche, and tropology.
Figures of speech are often but not always exaggerated or stylized versions of real objects or actions. For example, when someone says that something is "as plain as the nose on your face", they are using a figure of speech called hyperbole. It means putting into words or writing something that isn't really there - or that can't be there. So, this phrase has the same meaning as saying "Noseless faces appear in some cultures where facial markings are considered unsightly", which isn't very interesting or informative! Figures of speech are also used by writers to make their sentences sound more beautiful or impressive. For example, when writing about people's faces, it's normal to say that one feature stands out among others - such as eyebrows that stick out like caterpillars or noses that are as big as planets.