The line on which the majority of letters rest The baseline is represented by a line drawn beneath the characters in this phrase. The x-height, often known as the midway, is the height of all letters that are neither ascenders or descenders. There is a dotted line at the x-height on the paper that children use to practice handwriting.
The word "baseline" comes from the Latin basis, meaning "foundation." The term "x-height" comes from the German word einhülle, which means "to roll up." Since the x-height is the point where the two curves of the letter meet, it is also called the "joining line."
In calligraphy, the term "baseline" refers to the line used to write with an upright pen. In printed material, the baseline is the line on which the words lie flat.
Handwriting experts say that good handwriting starts with a level baseline and even lines. Then add loops and connections to make your letters come alive!
Baselines can be straight or curved. Curved baselines are usually used when writing with a fountain pen, while straight baselines are used when writing with a pencil.
A scribe's job is to write accurately and quickly so messages can be delivered to their destinations in a timely manner.
When completing a letter, word, or name (signature) in free, spontaneous writing, the pen is generally raised from the page while in motion with a "flying finish" (or what is also referred to as "vanishing", "tapering", or "flourishing" terminal strokes) and, in the case of many writers, the resultant line has a smooth, continuous appearance without any breaks or gaps.
This unique style of writing is accomplished by moving the hand rather than the arm as you write. The wrist acts as a pivot point around which the arm can be rotated in either direction. As the hand moves forward across the paper or other surface, the pen is lifted off the page at the end of each stroke and then returned back down again at the beginning of the next stroke.
The term "terminal stroke" is used to describe the last part of the handwriting movement where the pen is lifted off the page. At this point, the writer has completed the stroke and will continue drawing or writing the next letter, word, or name on the surface below.
The location where the pen is lifted off the page is called the "writing tip". During normal writing movements, the tip is lowered back onto the page between letters, words, or names. It is important to understand that when writing freely and spontaneously, the tip does not have to reach the paper; it can remain in mid-air as long as you want it to!
Accent marks (also known as diacritics or diacriticals) are frequently seen above a character. The cedilla, which appears exactly under the letter c, is an outlier; numerous less usual accent marks exist close to the character. They indicate that there is a hidden part of the word or syllable beneath the accent.
The term "accent" is used here in its broadest sense, to include both primary and secondary accents. A primary accent falls on a single syllable of a word, while a secondary accent divides two syllables of a word.
In English, most letters can function as accents: æ, å, ö, ü. In some languages these characters are called "accents" too: Norwegian nøtter, Swedish köpmän for example. Other examples include the French grave accent and Italian acute accent.
Some letters are capable of functioning as primary accents, such as the 'æ' in Danish or the 'ÿ' in Welsh, but never the 'ç' or 'ă'. Some letters are capable of functioning as secondary accents, such as the 'è' in Italian or the 'ő' in Hungarian. Others, like the 'â' in Latin or the "' in Persian, are called "full stops", meaning that they end a sentence.
[image] The tail in typography is the descending, typically ornamental stroke on the letter Q or the descending, frequently curved diagonal stroke on K or R. Tails are descenders on the letters g, j, p, q, and y. [picture] The teardropped endings of strokes in some fonts' letters. These tails were first used by printers to save paper. Today they are used to give an artistic touch to printed materials.