An abstract, introduction, review of literature, study methods, results and analysis, discussion, limits, future scope, and references are the primary components of a research report. Additional components may include a table or figure list.
Research reports often take the form of essays or articles. They can be as short as a few hundred words or as long as a book chapter or full-length article. Some research reports are even two or three years in the making!
The primary goal of a research report is to present and discuss new information gained through research. It is not intended to be a textbook treatment of a topic but rather a concise overview that guides readers further investigation. A research report should be written so that it can be read by a broad audience including those without a background in the subject matter.
Often when writing research reports, scientists will structure their papers to include several different aspects of their work. For example, one study might examine how blood samples from patients with cancer were used in multiple studies without knowing it was being done. This would be an example of experimental contamination - where data from one experiment is used in another. Such experiments need to be described in the paper so that other researchers can avoid using or publishing the results of these experiments simultaneously.
You should go through the following sections of a research report in this order:
Structure of a Research Paper
Title, Abstract, and Introduction (Problem Statement, Scope, Literature/Previous Work) Method of research, Findings, Analysis/Interpretation of Findings, Conclusion, and References The results are the most essential element of a research article since they are the author's primary contribution to knowledge. They provide evidence for or against a theory or hypothesis.
Other important elements include: Acknowledgements, Appendix, Bibliography, and Index.
Research articles are generally longer than other types of publications. Typically, they are at least 7,000 words long (25 pages), although some can be as long as 20,000 words (80 pages). Longer papers are common in more specialized journals.
In general, research articles follow a standard structure. The first paragraph of any research paper should state its purpose. This could be done in several ways: by explaining what problem you intend to solve with your research, by stating one or more questions that arise from your interest in the topic, or by highlighting a gap in the existing literature. All research papers consist of three main parts: (1) a title page, which includes a summary description of the paper and information about authors and institutions, (2) a body of the paper itself, which is divided into sections describing the background, the problem, the methodology, and the findings, and (3) a reference list at the end of the paper containing the authors' names and year published if available.
Nonetheless, many elements are shared by all publications, such as:
The following key components are found in nearly all journal articles: abstract, introduction, methodology, results, discussion, and references. Each section plays an important role in helping readers understand the topic covered in the article.
The abstract is a brief summary of the article's content and purpose. It should be concise (no more than 250 words) and clearly written so that it can be understood by those who are not familiar with the subject matter. Abstracts are used by journal editors to help them decide which articles to publish and which ones to reject. They also use them when planning future issues of the journal. Thus, they must be accurate and comprehensive.
The introduction describes the background of the topic discussed in the paper. This includes information about similar studies done in the past as well as any theories or concepts that may help explain what is happening in the current study. The goal of the introduction is to provide readers with enough information to understand both the significance and limitations of the study. Introductions should be written such that a knowledgeable reader will know exactly where the study fits into the field of research.
Methodology describes the procedures used to conduct the study. For example, if a new survey method was used, then this would be reported here along with any relevant details on how respondents were selected.