Drama, fable, autobiography, biography, poetry, prose, science fiction, and literary journalism are the basic kinds of literature. Drama is a narrative in which characters are portrayed through action and dialogue. Fable is a narrative story with a moral lesson at its heart. Autobiography is written by an author who has first-hand knowledge of the events being described. Biographies are written about real people who have been important in history. Myths and legends are part of world literature. They tell stories that help humans make sense of their place in the universe and motivate them to act courageously.
Science fiction and fantasy use imagination to describe worlds or situations different from our own, and the actions of characters within them. Thus science fiction and fantasy can be considered forms of drama. Science fiction focuses on possible future events while fantasy takes place in another world. Both genres include elements of adventure, romance, and suspense.
Literary journalism uses facts to analyze topics in the news. The authors' objective is to inform and entertain their readers using good writing skills. Some examples of literary journalism are articles written for magazines, newspapers, or websites. Authors may also create fictional works of non-fiction such as biographies or autobiographies.
There are two kinds of literature: written and oral. Novels and poetry are examples of written literature. It also features writing, fiction, mythology, novels, and short tales categories. Folklore, ballads, myths, and fables are examples of oral literature. They include stories told from an early age by parents to children or teachers to students.
Written literature is made up of words on a page, while spoken literature is the recording of speech. Poetry is written language arranged in lines or stanzas. Prose is written language without any specific arrangement. An essay is a piece of writing that discusses one subject and includes a point of view different from that of the author. Research papers are pieces of academic work that use extensive research as their basis. Reviews are opinions or judgments expressed in prose.
Narrative non-fiction is written in the form of a story or accounts of actual events. Memoirs are written documents or books that describe or show how someone or something has affected the writer. Biographies are narratives written about people who have lived or do live. Autobiographies are autobiographies written by themselves.
Diaries are records of thoughts or impressions during certain time periods. Letters write letters to or from other people. Journals are diaries that are published.
Books are collections of written pages bound together to make one complete volume.
Poetry, fiction, nonfiction, and theater are the four major literary genres, with each differing in style, structure, subject matter, and usage of figurative language. The genre creates specific expectations in the reader about what will happen in the piece. For example, in a novel, scenes may be resolved either through action or dialogue; a scene is a portion of a play that is presented simultaneously on stage. A resolution to a scene does not have to be dramatic but can also be logical or factual.
Literary forms are useful because they allow for variation within a restricted framework. This allows authors to express themselves creatively while still providing a framework that readers expect. For example, an author could write a poem without using any nouns, verbs, or adjectives if they so chose, but it wouldn't make much sense. Fiction and non-fiction use these elements to communicate information about characters, places, and things. An author can choose how extensively to use them depending on the type of writing they are doing.
The four major literary forms are poetry, fiction, non-fiction, and drama/theater. These categories can be used to organize books that contain both poetry and prose, such as novels, short story collections, and poems published in periodicals. Many books fit into more than one category, for example, historical novels often include sections about people living long ago as well as current events.
Poetry, fiction, nonfiction, and theater are the four major literary genres, with each differing in style, structure, subject matter, and usage of figurative language.... Fiction is a genre of writing that tells stories through the medium of prose.... Nonfiction uses factual information to explain things such as history or science; it can also include essays on topics not based on facts such as opinions or descriptions of events.... Theater uses acting to create narratives; scripts are used to guide actors in their performances.
These are only three of many ways of categorizing literature. For example, some scholars divide literature into academic and popular categories while others group works by era, movement, or theme. Still others group texts by format (e.g., novel, play, poem) or language use (e.g., English, French). Texts may also be categorized by audience (e.g., adult, child), purpose (e.g., educational, religious), or form (e.g., limerick, sonnet).
The most common types of fiction are drama (such as novels or movies) and poetry. Short stories, novellas, and serialized novels are also popular forms of fiction. Non-dramatic fiction includes articles, journals, and books that provide information or advice about life or society.