Manuscript, memorized, extemporaneous, and spontaneous speeches are the four forms of talks. A manuscript speech is one that has been prepared in advance by reading from a script or list of notes. This is usually the case for speakers who want to read from a pre-written statement. Memorized and extemporaneous speeches are ones that are created on the fly, without any material to guide them. Spontaneous speeches arise out of personal experience and observation. These are the most difficult forms of speeches to write because there are no guidelines to follow.
Spontaneous speeches are best left unsaid because they tend to be vague and ambiguous and lack focus. They can be very inspiring when delivered well but can also be quite embarrassing if not done with care. Therefore, it is best to plan some form of content for your spontaneous remarks so that you do not leave your audience wondering what you were going to say next time!
Memorized and extemporaneous speeches are easier to write because you have something to base your talk on. If you are scheduled to speak on a particular topic, then you should try to find some way to include it in your talk. Your audience will appreciate your taking the time to think about their needs and providing them with valuable information.
Manuscript, memorized, extemporaneous, and impromptu are the four primary approaches (also referred to as "styles") of delivering a speech. Extemporaneous speaking is when you speak from notes but not from memory; this is the most difficult style to master because you cannot rely on prepared material. Impromptu speaking is when you respond to ideas and topics that come up during the conversation. This is the easiest style to learn because there are no right or wrong answers.
Manuscript speaking is used by writers who want to create a polished speech that is well-researched and properly structured. They may use manuscript speaking to deliver a keynote address at a conference or talk at a university forum. Authors who use this approach will likely work with an editor to ensure that their speech is concise without being shortsighted, and presented in a clear manner that allows the audience to follow what is being said.
Memorized speaking is useful for speakers who want to cover a lot of ground in a short amount of time, such as at a conference where they have only limited time to make a presentation. By learning a few key phrases or sentences that fit into different topic areas, they can quickly change subjects without having to read from a script.
Speech delivery may be classified into four types: spontaneous, extemporaneous, manuscript, and memorized. Spontaneous speech is unplanned and not prepared. It can be very interesting to listen to because there are no surprises for the audience. The speaker says what comes to his mind, which may or may not be appropriate for the situation.
Extemporaneous speaking involves talking from notes that have been written down before the talk. This type of speech is useful when the speaker needs to use information that he does not want to forget. He can refer back to his notes during the talk instead of searching for it in his head while speaking.
Manuscript speaking is similar to extemporaneous speaking except that the notes are taken down as the speaker talks instead of being written down beforehand. This type of speech is useful when the speaker wants to be sure that everything is correct before going on stage.
Memorized speeches are those that are spoken from memory without any notes used as a guide. This is probably the most common type of speech delivered at academic conferences or seminars where the speaker isn't necessarily known by the audience.
The delivery type will affect the tone and style of the speech.
Each has a range of applications in various communication forums. The choice of style should be based on the audience and purpose of the speech.
Manuscript speeches are written out by the speaker word for word. These speeches are used when you want to deliver a message that you have prepared in advance. Writing out your speech allows you to practice and improve upon it until you are satisfied with how it is coming across. Manuscript speeches are most commonly used as application materials or admissions essays/interviews. They are also useful when you do not have time to prepare an impromptu speech.
Memorized speeches use notes or cues to help jog the speaker's memory while giving the speech. These speeches are used when you do not have time to prepare an impromptu speech but still want to give a convincing one. Memorizing your speech helps you avoid boring your audience with a rambling monologue. It also ensures that you cover all relevant topics without missing anything important.
Extemporaneous speeches are ones that are created on the spot by the speaker. These speeches are used when you have no time to prepare a thoughtful message but need to get something off your chest quickly.
Important Takeaways Speech delivery may be classified into four types: spontaneous, extemporaneous, manuscript, and memorized. Extemporaneous speaking is the delivery of a speech in a conversational manner while using notes. Most speeches should be written in this format. Spontaneous speaking is the delivery of a speech without any notes under certain circumstances (for example, when responding to a speaker who is not reading from a script). This type of delivery often results in more informal language than that used in a prepared speech.
Extemporaneous speaking is the most effective method of delivery for a persuasive speech because it allows you to include relevant examples and anecdotes to make your point during the talk. You can think of an extemporaneous speech as a conversation with the audience inserted between the written parts of the speech.
To prepare for an extemporaneous speech, you need to know what points you want to make and how you plan to make them. Then, write down everything you can think of that might help make your points clearer or more entertaining. This will be your outline. Next, read over your outline to make sure you have included all the important topics and ideas needed for the speech. If you miss anything, now is the time to add it to your list of examples or thoughts on paper.
Informative speeches are classified into four types: speeches about objects, speeches about processes, speeches about events, and talks about concepts. Objects-oriented speeches discuss different kinds of objects such as people, places, things, ideas, etc. Process-oriented speeches talk about changes or developments that occur over time through descriptions of events or situations. Event-oriented speeches focus on important dates or moments in history. Concept-oriented speeches deal with topics not directly related to reality (e.g., dreams, fantasies), which can be difficult to understand without using your imagination or thinking about it in some way.
These categories are only guidelines, not strict rules. For example, a talk can include references to objects while also focusing on processes. Or a speaker may spend most of her time discussing events but include one or more discussions of concepts within his or her speech.
It's also important to note that there is no right or wrong type of informative speech. Each type of speech has its advantages, and it's up to the speaker to choose the most effective way of communicating information regarding the topic at hand.
In addition to categorizing informative speeches, Simon Sinek's book "Start With Why" goes further by suggesting that great leaders start their conversations with this type of speech.