Definition, categorization, generalization, and example, cause and effect, comparison and contrast, list, sequence, and summary are some of them. You should know that any written language includes all of these elements, though not necessarily in measurable amounts.
The most basic pattern in writing is the sentence. Without sentences, we would have no communication at all. Sentences contain a subject and a verb, but other parts of speech can be used as subjects or verbs. For example, names can be subjects of sentences ("Mary loves John") and adjectives can be verbs ("the red car"). Subjects and verbs can also be called lexical items. Words that function as subjects or verbs are called functional words. English has many such words: also, additionally, instead, likewise, too, and similarly. Many more examples could be given. Functional words are important in grammar because without them, our language would be ungrammatical. For example, if you delete the final "ly" from additionally, therefore becomes therefor. Similarly, if you remove the final "ly" from too, then it becomes also.
Another important element in writing is paragraphism. A paragraph is a unit of analysis in itself; that is, a paragraph consists of one or more independent thoughts expressed in a continuous sequence.
Simple listing, order of significance, chronological order, geographical development, cause and effect, comparison and contrast are the six essential patterns for details. These patterns can be used to organize any kind of information into a sequence that makes sense to us.
The simplest way to illustrate these patterns is with some fiction. The six common organizational patterns for writing fiction are simple listing, order of significance, chronological order, geographical development, cause and effect, and comparison and contrast.
In simple listing, the writer lists each character's name along with a brief description. This is easy to do but does not allow the reader to learn much about any one character. Listing characters this way will not help the reader understand who is good or bad, nor will it make them want to read more about any one person.
In order of significance, the writer lists characters' names in order from most important to least important. This pattern is useful when you want your audience to understand something about all of the characters at once. For example, if you were writing a novel about three children in Boston who become friends, the writer could list their names in order from most to least important by first naming the most important child, then the next most important, and so on until they have listed everyone.
Argumentation and persuasion, as well as exposition, description, and storytelling. Exposition: There are numerous types of exposure: a-Examples: In the example pattern, the writer makes a point and then provides examples to back up that statement. The examples help to explain what the statement means or suggests.
In argumentation and persuasion, the writer takes a side and attempts to convince others why they should agree with that position. The writer may use evidence to support their case. Persuasion is when you change someone's mind about something; argumentation is when you can't change someone's mind so you try to show them why they should still think the same way even though they haven't yet agreed to do so.
Storytelling is like exposition in that it gives readers or listeners a general idea of what the story is about. However, unlike exposition which is used at the beginning of a story to set the scene, storytelling is used throughout the narrative to keep the reader or listener interested in the events happening before their eyes or ears. For example, if I were telling this story I would probably start by saying that Anthony stole his father's car because he was angry with him for leaving without saying goodbye (the reason why he stole the car isn't important here). Then I would go on to say that Anthony had never been arrested before and wasn't very good at keeping secrets so eventually he had to return the car.
The following are the primary presentation patterns: 1 analytical. 2 Exemplification 3 Deliberative 4 Dramatic.
The main purpose of the story is revealed in the title or heading of the section. The plot then develops this theme, indicating through action and reaction how people deal with the issue at hand. For example, "Mocking Jay under a glass dome was everyone's favorite pastime at the school where I worked as a janitor." The narrative then proceeds to tell us what that school was like, including some of its more unusual students and staff members. This pattern can be used to show the effect of an event or situation on certain characters (the theme), or even just to tell a funny story. A good example of this pattern is "Huckleberry Finn" by Mark Twain. It is about a boy who lives on a riverboat with his friend Jim and their adventures while traveling down the Mississippi River.
Exemplification. This pattern uses examples from real life to explain something about human nature that applies generally rather than only to specific individuals.
When first starting to write, it is useful to identify the growth patterns that are most successful for your goal and audience. Cause and Effect, which outlines why something happens, what causes it, what the effects are, and how it is connected to something else, are some typical patterns of development. The more experienced you become as a writer, the more you can expect to see these patterns reused or modified by other writers.
Every year brings new developments to writing. New technology makes its way into publishing that changes how we produce and distribute literature. New genres are created as well. In recent years, fantasy and science fiction have become especially popular.
Sometimes developments occur that affect more than one type of writing project at once. For example, the rise of internet blogging has caused a change in the way many authors develop their projects by using this medium instead of traditional paper books or magazine articles.
Finally, there are times when historical events cause revisions to existing rules or guidelines. For example, women were not allowed to serve on juries in most states until 1947. This was done to protect male jurors from having to make decisions about women's clothing sizes or household chores.
After learning about the developments in writing, you should know where to find out more information about them. Libraries carry books that deal with topics related to writing, so they are a good place to start.