Narratives are often written in the first person, i.e. with "I." Third person ("he," "she," or "it") is likewise acceptable. To make their argument, narratives rely on tangible, sensory elements. These components should work together to produce a coherent, powerful effect, a strong impression. The following are three basic principles that guide how we tell stories in writing.
1. Tell a story that needs to be told. Whether you're writing fiction or non-fiction, your aim is to communicate an idea or message as effectively as possible. Whatever genre you're working in, there will always be a demand for new stories; this means you need to find a way to make yours different from others. Consider the audience members reading your work - what do they want to know about? What problem are they trying to solve by reading your text? How can you help them achieve these goals? Only by answering these questions can you create a narrative that really tells its story.
2. Use appropriate language. Even if you're writing about something you understand very well, it's important to keep the reader informed and interested. Avoid using jargon or complicated language. Instead, use simple, clear words and phrases when possible. This will help readers follow your ideas and arguments, and give them a good impression of you as a writer.
3. Be honest. Narrative essays may include some degree of speculation, but they must also be based on facts.
The first-person point of view in literature employs the pronouns "I," "me," "we," and "us" to present a tale from the narrator's point of view. In a first-person narrative, the storyteller is either the protagonist recounting their experiences or a secondary character conveying the protagonist's story. Either way, the first-person narrative is told by someone who is involved in the events described.
In general, a novel written in the first person is called a first-person narrative, and a short story told by an identifiable person is called a first-person story. However, it is possible for a third person narrative to be told in the first person. For example, Henry James' novella The Turn of the Screw is narrated by two servants who overhear ghosts talking in an old house. Although they are not identified by name, they are represented as characters with their own thoughts and feelings.
First-person narratives can also be found in non-fiction books, such as autobiographies and history books that are written by individuals who experience something significant in their lives. These books are often referred to as "first-person accounts."
Even movies and television shows have used first-person narratives as a storytelling device. The film Good Will Hunting is based on a first-person account written by the main character, which he updates several years after the incident described in the book.
The author is telling a tale about the characters in the third person, referring to them by name or using the third-person pronouns "he," "she," and "them." In literature, there are both first and second person points of view. First person refers to the story being told from the point of view of one specific character, while third person refers to the story being told by someone other than any of the characters involved.
In third person narrative, as opposed to first person or omniscient perspective, certain information is available only to the writer or narrator, rather than to each character in the story. For example, we cannot know what thoughts or feelings lie behind a character's actions unless the character tells us. Third person also requires that the reader infer facts not explicitly stated in the text, such as reasons why characters act as they do. In addition, third person narrative allows for the introduction of elements into the story that would be difficult or impossible in first person or omniscient narration. For example, in order to explain how Jack the Ripper managed to kill his victims, Dr. Michael Bellotti explains that he was "a serial killer who used a knife because that's all the technology of his time allowed him to use". This explanation is possible because Jack the Ripper is a character in a story that exists outside of reality; thus, he can do things that normal people could not.