"Out of the mountain of despair, a stone of hope," from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" address in Washington, DC on August 28, 1963, is etched on the Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial. It is one of three monuments to Dr. King on National Mall grounds.
The other two monuments are the Lincoln Memorial and the King Memorial. They are all made of white marble and include passages from Dr. King's speeches.
All three monuments were designed by African-American architect Louis Kahn. He also designed the National Cathedral in Washington, DC.
Dr. King wanted his memorial to be symbolic rather than literal. It should speak to the American people about the need for peace and nonviolence. The mountain represents the darkness that surrounds us but within which there is light and hope.
The stone from which the memorial is hewn comes from South Carolina and was brought here by men working on the project. It reminds us that even in death, Dr. King did not lose his connection to his cause. He has left behind a message for future generations: "Let us dedicate ourselves to what Martin Luther King called 'the great unfinished business of America'. Let us dedicate ourselves to creating that more perfect union."
A Stone of Hope Emerges from the Mountain of Despair The memorial, which is located in downtown Washington, DC, celebrates Martin Luther King, Jr.'s legacy as well as the battle for freedom, equality, and justice. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was a key leader in the modern civil rights movement. He organized many large rallies and marches to draw attention to the racial inequalities that existed in the United States at that time. He also helped create a network of black churches where blacks could find support and learn about their rights.
After graduating from college, King went back to Atlanta to work with the local black community. There he formed a group called the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). This organization aimed to bring about political change through nonviolent action. It became one of the most influential social movements in American history.
In 1955, King started his own newspaper, A Journal of the Martins Luther King, Jr. Is an American clergyman and activist who played an important role in the civil rights movement. He preached nonviolence and acted as a spokesman for the cause during many demonstrations and speeches across the United States. King is best known for his "I Have a Dream" speech given on August 28, 1963 at the Lincoln Memorial before a crowd of hundreds of thousands of people. He died at age 39 after being shot by an assassin's bullet while standing on a balcony at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee.
Martin Luther King Jr., one of the most famous leaders of the Civil Rights Movement, made his momentous "I Have a Dream" address on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in 1963. As the headline of a now-famous article in The New York Times put it: "Hear Dr. King Tell His Dream."
The "Dream" that King spoke about involved achieving racial equality through nonviolent action. He called for an end to discrimination against African Americans in jobs, education, and housing. Most importantly, he asked that their American dream not be separated from everyone else's dream.
King's speech came just three months after he had been arrested while leading a protest in Birmingham, Alabama. In that incident, police officers beat him with nightsticks and dragged him along the ground for several blocks. He was hospitalized for two weeks with injuries including fractures to his skull and jaw.
After his release, King decided to focus on giving more speeches instead of writing new ones. But his colleagues at the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) urged him to write something new to add to his growing collection of essays, books, and radio broadcasts. They felt that speaking more often would not be effective enough to make a difference in the struggle for civil rights.