Sections of research articles are frequently determined by the target journal or special style standards. In the social and behavioral sciences, for example, the American Psychological Association (APA) style guide is used to collect information on how the paper should be formatted. The first paragraph of the work should include an abstract: a brief overview that captures the key findings of the study.
All scientific papers consist of three main parts: introduction, methodology, and conclusion. An introduction section often includes a summary of previous research on the topic as well as a description of the problem being addressed by the current study. The methodology section describes what was done to investigate the problem at hand. It usually begins with a statement of the question being asked, followed by a description of the methods used to answer the question. The conclusion section summarizes the major findings of the study and suggests future directions for research.
In addition to these standard elements, particular types of studies may include other sections such as discussion or review. Discussion sections provide space for authors to comment on implications of their work or other related topics while review articles describe studies that others have conducted that are relevant to the field under consideration.
Science is an iterative process. As researchers test their ideas through experimentation, they publish the results. This allows for other scientists to build upon existing knowledge and come up with their own interpretations of data, which in turn leads to more accurate conclusions being drawn.
Major Sections of an APA Research Paper A comprehensive research paper in APA style that reports on experimental study would normally have a title page, an abstract, an introduction, methods, results, discussion, and references.
The title page is included with the rest of the front matter (see below). It should include the following information: author's name, date, institutional affiliation, and page numbers for the body of the paper and the references. The title page does not need to be numbered.
An abstract is a brief summary of the article's content. It should capture essential information about the article while being concise and readable. Use your judgment when deciding what content to include in your abstract. An abstract does not include citations or lists of sources. These appear in the text of the paper itself. An abstract may include a short description of the method or experiment used in the study. If so, then this information should be placed in parentheses after the abstract. For example, "the authors conducted an experiment to determine the best-selling car in the United States"
The introduction describes the topic being investigated by the paper and gives a brief overview of the article's contents. The aim is to guide readers through the paper's main ideas and conclusions. Introductions should be written in an engaging tone and should attract readers with their own insights about the subject matter.
The APA (American Psychological Association) writing format is one of the research paper formats. This format is used for research articles in science, psychology, and other relevant fields. When using MLA, the author's last name, not the title of the research paper, should be provided beside the page number. You can find sample papers using these two formatting styles at the end of this article.
In general, a research paper consists of these components:
An introduction. Includes a brief statement about the topic being investigated and a description of why it matters. Always begin with a question - what is known about this topic? What problems exist with current practices? What needs to be done/known facts that contradict existing views?
Each section of the paper requires a separate paragraph. Use subheads instead of titles for each section. These make it easy to identify content that is related but not essential to the main idea of the paper.
Introduction - provides readers with a brief overview of the topic. Explain how and why it is important. State the problem or issue that will be addressed by the paper. Summarize previous work on the topic.
Methodology - explains the design and methods used to investigate the topic.
Results - includes information gathered from analysis of data obtained from studies performed specifically for this paper.
Although APA style calls for five levels of section and subsection titles, most undergraduate research papers simply need one or two. To organize material so that the reader may easily follow the writer's train of thought and understand what important themes are addressed, a heading is needed.
Headings can be used to divide an essay into different sections. These include: title page/abstract; introduction; body; conclusion; references. The abstract should be limited to about 200 words. It should give the reader a brief overview of the essay without giving away any major plot points.
The title page/abstract should include the following information: author(s), title, degree program, school or department, address, phone number, email address, abstract length. Ensure that you use Word's Title format feature to create a title page/abstract. This will help ensure consistency throughout your essay.
In your title page/abstract, also include the following information: purpose, topic sentence, supporting examples, conclusions. The purpose statement should be concise and specific. Make sure that it is relevant to the paper and helps the reader understand why it is necessary for them to read your work.
The topic sentence is like a hook that grabs the reader's attention and ensures they continue reading your essay. It should be clear and concise and directly relate to the purpose statement.