Writing is a four-step process that includes prewriting, drafting, revising, and editing. Prewriting involves planning and organizing your paper before you start writing. This step can be difficult because we usually think in terms of writing as we go along, but successful writers plan ahead of time.
When you have planned your essay, the next step is to draft it. This means creating an outline or diagram with all the parts of your essay showing where each one will go. Outlining helps make sure that you cover everything in your essay and avoids leaving important things out. It also makes it easier to revise your work later on if you need to make any changes.
After you have drafted your essay, you should review it for accuracy and clarity. Make sure that you have used proper grammar and punctuation at every stage of the essay. Also check that your ideas and arguments are consistent throughout the paper and that they are supported by appropriate examples. If necessary, change something about the way you have written to make sure that it is accurate and clear.
Finally, edit your work carefully before you submit it. All college level essays are expected to be edited - this includes final year projects.
The Writing Method
Prewriting, or our planning stage, is the first phase in the writing process. You are thinking about your topic, brainstorming, concentrating, and building a workable thesis throughout prewriting.
Prewriting can be done in a number of ways. You can use pen and paper, which is the most basic form of prewriting. Or you can use software programs like Word or Google Docs. The more creative you are, the more ideas you will have, so don't feel limited by this method. There are also group prewriting sessions where you can share your ideas with others.
Once you have collected all your ideas, prewrite them down on paper, then transfer them into the computer program. This way you can organize your thoughts and avoid writing repetitions of words or phrases. Prewriting helps to narrow down the field of possibilities so that you are able to choose the best topic for your paper.
Some students find it helpful to start with a list of questions. For example, you could ask yourself what kind of paper would be suitable for this subject, who my audience might be, how much time should be spent on the paper, etc. This approach helps you identify the necessary information for your paper, which saves you time later on.
Other students just write until they reach a certain point before moving on.
The writing process is divided into three stages: pre-writing, composing, and post-writing. Pre-writing involves any activities that lead up to writing a document including but not limited to research, idea generation, and collection of materials. Composing refers to the actual process of drafting a manuscript. Post-writing includes any activities that follow writing a document including but not limited to editing, proofreading, formatting, publishing, and maintaining online sources.
In terms of length, pre-writing can take anywhere from hours to months or years depending on the subject matter and size of the project. Writing a full-length book requires much more pre-writing than an article or brief report. Composition time varies based on the medium being written for but can range from minutes to days or weeks. Post-writing usually only takes a few hours or less depending on the scope and size of the project.
Pre-writing is important because it provides the foundation upon which you can build your ideas during composition and saves time by avoiding duplicative work. Also, pre-writing allows you to test out different ideas and concepts before committing them to paper or screen. This helps you avoid wasting time working on something that won't fit within the body of your document or detract from its overall quality.
The Writing Method
It is critical for a writer to go through all of the procedures to guarantee that he has created a polished, full composition. A writer may alternate between phases as required. For example, during revising, you may need to go back to the prewriting stage to build and extend your thoughts.
The process of following the proper steps enables the writer to reach a complete product that meets his or her standards. Without these steps, a piece of writing would not be ready for publication.
Writing programs exist to help writers with the various steps in the writing process. These programs range from simple word processors to fully-featured computer suites that include project management tools, beta readers, and more. Using these programs makes the writing process easier because you do not have to remember how to perform each step yourself.
Writing programs can also improve writing quality by forcing writers to consider how their work will appear on the page or screen as they go along. This helps them avoid common editing mistakes such as using present tense when describing something that occurred in the past or mixing up subject and object pronouns.
Finally, writing programs can assist with the revision process by allowing writers to easily delete words or sentences that do not fit within the context of the paper. This saves time for other parts of the assignment that require additional writing effort.
Writing is best taught as a recursive process that involves (but is not required to include) pre-writing, drafting, revision, and editing. When writing, consider the rhetorical situation: message, audience, purpose, and genre. Reflection and metacognition are essential components of writing development. Reflect on your experiences and thoughts about writing; ask yourself questions about what you have written and why you wrote it in the first place. This self-analysis will help you identify problems with your work early on and adjust your writing accordingly.
Students need opportunities to write regularly and constructively. Teachers can provide these opportunities by asking students to respond to literature reviews, analyze texts, or plan courses. Students who have regular writing assignments gain experience and confidence, which helps them develop as writers.
Writing classes should also include time for discussion and feedback. Students benefit from hearing how others view their work, discussing ideas and opinions, and learning how others achieved success in writing.
Finally, writing instruction should help students improve their skills. Teachers can do this by requiring students to rewrite drafts or solve problems related to language use, organization, or style. These exercises help students understand how good writing is developed.
Writing classes should look beyond the classroom to include aspects such as research papers and term papers that occur outside of class. This exposure helps students learn how professionals write.
Classes should also include discussions about topics relevant to writing.