The theme of a tale is what the author is attempting to convey—in other words, the story's fundamental notion. Short tales frequently feature a single topic, but novels typically contain several themes. The most obvious is heroism in its many forms: on the battlefield, on the sports field, and in the bedroom.
Less obvious, but no less important, are themes such as family responsibility, friendship, loyalty, love, courage, honesty, greed, prejudice, and self-sacrifice. Authors also use themes to express broader ideas such as freedom vs. tyranny, good vs. evil, life vs. death, etc.
Thematic elements are found in every story, but their presence is not always clear. For example, take the short story "The Lady Vanishes" by E.M. Forster. This tale features a woman who disappears from a train station, and everyone thinks she has been kidnapped. However, soon it becomes apparent that this is not the case; instead, it is her own choice to leave her husband and children for another man. This reveals that she was already married with children, which contradicts her earlier decision to leave her husband. Thus, the actual theme of the story is marriage versus freedom. Although this idea is hinted at through certain details, it is not immediately evident.
A tale will frequently include more than one topic, especially if it is a novel rather than a short story. Because of their shortness, short tales usually only feature one central topic, whereas a lengthier novel has time to concentrate on numerous ideas at once. This does not mean that a story cannot be interesting without touching on every single subject available. In fact, it is possible to make a very broad theme the focus of the story while still covering other topics within it.
Two distinct but related themes can appear in a story: conflict and resolution.
Conflict is the main driving force behind most stories. Whether it is character vs. character conflict, or even nature vs. civilization conflicts, stories are generally about people doing something (or something happening to them) which causes another person or thing to react in some way. From here, the characters need to decide what role they want to play in the conflict, and use this knowledge to influence the outcome in their favor. Resolution comes after the conflict has been resolved, either directly through the ending of the story (i.e. the main character wins or loses) or indirectly by leaving room for future stories (i.e. the series finale). The end of the story should contain an element of closure, whether it is solving all the mysteries surrounding the characters or simply stating how each of them feels about what happened.
The subject might be stated openly in the short tale, or it can be implied by the title, setting, storyline, conflict, actions, or thoughts of the main character. The writer of most short tales implies, embodies, or expressly suggests a topic.
All short stories are based on ideas, which come from reality or not. The fictional story is built around these ideas to create a narrative that entertains us. Short stories always have a beginning, a middle, and an end. They usually focus on one central idea or topic, but sometimes multiple topics are included within one short story.
Short stories are commonly defined as narratives that are short enough to be told in an hour or less. However, this is only a guideline since many short stories take longer than one hour to read due to their extensive plots and/or rich language.
In fact, there is no right or wrong time to read a short story. You can read a short story at any time because they do not depend on time periods or events that have already occurred. Short stories are easy to read and understand because they use simple language and can be interpreted differently by each reader.
Some examples of themes found in short stories include: friendship, love, death, loss, redemption, courage, jealousy, hatred, fear, uncertainty, hope, injustice, freedom, change, etc.
Explanation The subject might be stated openly in the short tale, or it can be implied by the title, setting, storyline, conflict, actions, or thoughts of the main character. Examples include "The Raven" by Edgar Allan Poe, which tells of a mysterious death; "The Tell-Tale Heart" by Edgar Allan Poe, which describes the gruesome effects of fear on the human body; and "Cain and Abel" by Milton, which compares the qualities of two famous men. These stories all suggest that there is something wrong with society if such evil deeds are done by good people.
Theme statements can also be inferred from the context within the story itself. For example, in "The Lottery" by Shirley Jackson, we learn that everyone who attends a party where a lottery is announced will probably win. This means that some people are likely to get what they want, while others will be forced to suffer what they do not want. In this case, the theme is evident from the start, before the story even begins!
Short stories cannot contain much information. They must make assumptions about their readers' knowledge, so they usually imply any necessary facts like dates, locations, and other historical details. A short story does not need to explain every detail of how the world works, because its purpose is to tell a story, not give scientific facts.
The theme of a story is what the author is trying to convey--in other words, the central idea of the story. The theme of a story is woven all the way through the story, and the characters' actions, interactions, and motivations all reflect the story's theme. But don't confuse the theme with the story's plot or moral. These two elements are very closely related, but they're not the same thing.
Here are some examples of themes in literature: courage, temptation, forgiveness, greed, love, death, redemption, etc. The theme of all of Shakespeare's plays is love. Love is believed to be the only thing that can unite people as friends or enemies. It is this belief that causes many people to fight over each other's loves; therefore, love is the cause of conflict and tragedy throughout much of Shakespeare's work.
Love is also the theme of George Bernard Shaw's play, Pygmalion. In this story, an English professor named Henry Higgins creates a perfect phonetic language called "English" and teaches it to his flower girl, Eliza, so that she can compete on equal terms with her rich employer's daughter. Through this act of kindness, Henry transforms Eliza from a piece of street trash into a refined lady. When Eliza sings before an audience for the first time, she brings down the house with her rendition of "My Fair Lady."
Another example is Joseph Conrad's novella, Heart of Darkness.