What are the three steps in summarizing?

What are the three steps in summarizing?

The processes are as follows: (1) read and comprehend; (2) identify important words; and (3) create brief sentences using these key words.

Summary is a concise description or overview of a topic or idea. You can think of it as a short version of an article or essay that highlights the main points while leaving out some details. Writing effective summaries is an essential skill for researchers to be successful communicators. In this lesson, we will discuss what makes for a good summary paragraph and provide you with several sample paragraphs to illustrate how writing effective summaries is useful for scientists to communicate their research findings.

Science has proven that readers remember about 80% of what they read. This means that if you want your audience to understand your concept, you need to make sure that they get this information from your summary sentence or two. Using language that is clear and simple to follow along will help them understand exactly what you are trying to convey without getting distracted by unnecessary details.

The best summary paragraphs include the following elements: (1) they answer the question or fill in the gap introduced by the abstract; (2) they make the main point quickly and efficiently without going into unnecessary detail; and (3) they conclude with a statement or assertion rather than a question.

What are the four steps of a summary?

To create a summary of a reading, follow a four-step approach.

  • Identify the main idea of the reading.
  • Identify the supporting details.
  • Identify the author’s purpose.
  • Write a summary of the reading.
  • Identify the main idea of the reading.

How do you summarize the main points?

When attempting to summarize a text,

  1. Look for the key information.
  2. Look at each paragraph, locate the topic sentence (often the first one) and decide what the main point is.
  3. List the key points.
  4. Only include the main ideas of the text.

How do you write a summary example?

To create a solid summary, follow the five stages mentioned below.

  1. Read the text.
  2. Break the text down into sections.
  3. Identify the key points in each section.
  4. Write the summary.
  5. Check the summary against the article.

What are the things to consider in summarizing?


  • Read and understand the text carefully.
  • Think about the purpose of the text. Ask what the author’s purpose is in writing the text?
  • Select the relevant information.
  • Find the main ideas – what is important.
  • Change the structure of the text.
  • Rewrite the main ideas in complete sentences.
  • Check your work.

How do you write a summary of notes?

How to Make a Notes List

  1. (i)Read the passage carefully.
  2. Read carefully.
  3. Make notes of the main ideas under headings and add sub-points under sub-headings.
  4. Use proper layout/format, e.g.,
  5. Use recognisable abbreviations wherever possible.

How do you summarize multiple articles?

Six Easy Steps to Summarize Any Article

  1. Identify the main point of the article. Concentrate on the main idea, define what the author wanted to say to readers.
  2. Circle key terms. Take a pencil and circle the main important parts of written text or book.
  3. Divide the entire paper into several sections.

About Article Author

Jennifer Green

Jennifer Green is a professional writer and editor. She has been published in the The New York Times, The Huffington Post and many other top publications. She has won awards for her editorials from the Association of Women Editors and the Society of Professional Journalists.


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