"There are three writing capacities: writing to convince, writing to explain, and writing to portray actual or imagined experiences," according to the USC Rossier infographic. These three forms of writing are sometimes referred to as argumentative, informational, and narrative. Authors use one or more of these writing styles in any given piece of work.
Writing to convince aims to answer questions with which the reader may disagree. This type of writing is most commonly found in political speeches, legal briefs, and sales pitches. The writer will often provide evidence to support their position even if the reader does not agree with it.
Writing to explain is used by teachers in textbook essays and by parents when writing for their children's journals. The goal is to give readers information they can understand and remember. Because this type of writing is meant to be concise, authors usually only include the facts that support their argument or statement.
Writing to portray actual or imagined experiences focuses on telling a story about something that has happened or might happen. This type of writing is common in memoirs and biographies. Memoir writers will often describe how they felt during important events in their lives, while biographers will discuss people they have interviewed and what they learned from them.
Memoirs and biographies are only two examples of narrative writing. Other genres that use narrative elements include novels, short stories, and poems.
Expository, descriptive, persuasive, and narrative writing are the four primary styles of writing. Each of these writing styles serves a distinct function. A single text may have many writing styles. The easiest way to identify the style of your essay is by its opening sentence or paragraph. If you know what kind of essay it is, then you can choose an appropriate style for it.
The opening sentence or paragraph of your essay should give readers a clear idea of what they can expect to find in the essay. This sentence or paragraph should also include enough information for them to decide if they want to read further. If you write only this one sentence, your essay would be called "explanatory." It would help people understand why something is important or relevant so that they will want to read more about it. This letter writing example would be useful for someone who wants to explain some event that happened recently. They could say things like "Markham House was burned down last week" or "Lady Markham died two years ago." The more words that you use in this sentence, the more details you will bring out about the topic.
If you write a good introduction, your audience will know what you're going to talk about even before you start writing. You should always include your topic in your opening sentence or paragraph.
Academic writing may be classified into three categories. Argumentative, informative (explanatory), and narrative writing are examples of these genres of writing. Each writing style has its own specific characteristics and function. An essay's purpose is to argue for or against a particular point of view or to provide information or insight about a topic.
The term "academic writing" is used broadly to describe all types of written work that require evidence from multiple sources and rigorous analysis and interpretation of that evidence. This includes articles for magazines, journals, and newspapers as well as the doctoral dissertations and scholarly papers that result from them. Academic writing is also used to describe formal letters and memos from administrators to staff members as well as informal emails. These documents usually require proofreading to make sure they are written correctly and use appropriate language conventions.
In addition to argumentative, explanatory, and narrative essays, academic writing can include research projects such as surveys, experiments, and reviews. It can also include teaching assignments such as exams, reports, and presentations. Last, it can include creative works such as poems, stories, and plays. These products of the imagination require research but not necessarily explanation or argumentation. They are still considered forms of academic writing because they make use of the tools and techniques that characterize other types of writing in the academy.
The SAT Essay and ACT Writing assignments, for example, urge you to evaluate how individuals argue. Knowing the four forms of writing will help you recognize and understand the decisions made by authors. Consider the following writing styles: expository, persuasive, descriptive, and narrative.
Expository writing is the most common style on the SAT and ACT. In expository essays, you explain information by analyzing evidence from different sources or using an argument to support a claim. For example, "Smith & Wesson's.38 Special revolver is more popular than John Doe's pistol because it costs less than $200." The best expository essays use facts and evidence from multiple sources to make their points.
Persuasive writing is another common essay type. In persuasive essays, you attempt to convince your reader that you are right about certain issues by explaining why they matter and what should be done about them. For example, "In order to prevent child abuse, we need to ensure that all children have access to good health care." Persuasive essays often start with a question that invites readers to disagree with your conclusion. They may also include a section called "My Position" in which you state your own view on the topic.
Descriptive writing is used to express yourself through the written word. In descriptive essays, you talk about what you see, hear, smell, taste, or feel during your daily life.