There are two generally known generations of Romantic writers: those of Wordsworth and Coleridge, and those of Byron, Shelley, and Keats. Although there were many others who wrote in a similar style, these five individuals are considered the main representatives of the movement.
Romanticism was an intellectual and political movement that began in Europe around 1750 and had its peak of influence in the years following 1800. It can be divided into two distinct periods: a first phase from 1760 to 1820, and a second one from 1815 to 1840.
During this time, new ideas about society, government, and culture began to emerge. They were based on feelings rather than reason, and they created a huge controversy among philosophers, politicians, artists, and musicians.
Romantics believed that it was necessary to feel happy and sad, joyous and gloomy, in order to write good poetry. Therefore, they did not use history or current events as subjects for their poems, but instead they chose objects that would touch their hearts. In addition, they wanted their readers to feel the same emotions that they did when reading their work. For example, if a Romantic writer was feeling joyful then his/her reader should also feel joy through the words on the page.
Canonically, Romantic poetry in English is split into two eras, each marked by a generation of poets. The first generation of Romantic poets includes Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Southey, while the second generation includes Byron, Shelley, and Keats. However, many critics include other writers in this category such as Mary Shelley who wrote Frankenstein posthumously published.
Romanticism was a movement in European art and literature that began in the late 18th century and ended around 1850. It can be defined as an attitude toward life and nature that values emotion over reason and individual conscience over social norms. Romantics were opposed to classical culture and looked instead to ancient Greece and Rome for models of behavior. They believed that only through feeling what is real they could come to know it.
Byron was the first true Romantic poet in England. He introduced themes such as tyranny, ambition, and passion into his work which were not found in earlier poets like Milton or Gray. These new subjects attracted attention from readers who had never been interested in poetry before.
Shelley and Keats refined the techniques of the early Romantics and added their own ideas. They too were influenced by Byron but also developed their own voices that are recognizable today even though they were born several years after him.
Authors of Romance
In English literature, the key figures of the Romantic movement are considered to be the group of poets, including William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, John Keats, Lord Byron, Percy Bysshe Shelley, and the much older William Blake, followed later by the isolated figure of John Clare; also such novelists as Walter Byron, Mary Shelley (who with her husband Frankenstein created one of the first modern horror stories), and Ann Radcliffe; and artists such as Thomas Gainsborough, George Romney, and Joshua Reynolds.
The defining characteristic of a romantic poet or writer is their use of emotion over reason to inform their work. This can be seen in many aspects of their writing, but most notably in their use of language: poetry written during this time period tends to be sentimental, expansive, and elaborate.
Why is literary criticism important today? Because we need informed critics willing to discuss what books mean, why they are significant, and how they have influenced other writers since they were published. Literary criticism allows us to explore how different authors approach similar themes within their works, and it helps us understand the relationships between those authors themselves.
Who was the first romantic writer? That would be William Shakespeare. His work is known for its complexity, passion, and emotional power, and he has been called the father of modern drama.
Their poetry has practically all of the hallmarks of Romanticism. Wordsworth transforms natural items into supernatural beings, whereas Coleridge transforms supernatural beings into natural beings. Both Byron and Shelley were outstanding revolutionaries. They challenged traditional views on gender, class, religion, and government. Their work helped pave the way for the French Revolution and Industrial Revolution.
Romantic poets often used their own experiences as inspiration for their poems. This is especially true of William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge. They felt disconnected from society as children and wanted to give voice to this feeling in their poems. This resulted in many lyrical poems about nature or politics.
Another feature of Romantic poetry is its emphasis on personal emotion. The actual writing process was quite difficult for these two men. They would sit for hours trying to find the right words or cry over mistakes they made while writing. However, once they reached a point where they were satisfied with what they had written, relief came quickly.
Finally, Romantic poetry tends to be philosophical or religious in tone. Many of the poems by these two men deal with issues such as mortality, sin, guilt, redemption, faith, and love. Although they did not write explicitly political poems, many critics believe that they were advocating for social change through their work.