Poetry is classified into three types: narrative, dramatic, and lyrical. It is not always feasible to differentiate between them. An epic poem, for example, might have lyrical portions, while a lyric poem can include narrative sections.
Narrative poems tell a story through the arrangement of words in a sequence that makes sense when read aloud or heard musically. The Iliad and Odyssey are good examples of narrative poems. Both poems deal with events from ancient Greece and both were probably written by different people. They just happen to use similar language and catch phrases so it's hard to tell who exactly is writing about what.
Dramatic poems express an idea or concept through the use of language that forces an audience to think about what they're reading. Shakespeare's plays are good examples of dramatic poetry because the action and plot twist around several ideas simultaneously - love, betrayal, justice, revenge, etc. - and each scene builds upon the last one.
Lyrical poems express personal feelings about something beautiful or significant to humans in general or someone special to the poet. They tend to be very emotional reactions to nature, friends, or dreams. Lyrics from popular songs are usually considered poetic texts because they often contain images, metaphors, and similes that most readers cannot understand immediately.
Many kinds of poetry Poetry is classified into three types: narrative poetry, dramatic poetry, and lyric poetry. Narrative poetry tells a tale or gives an account of events, therefore it must meet the novel's standards for plot, character, and action as well as the poetry requirements of rhyme, stanzas, and meter. Dramatic poetry takes place during a stage play or film and often includes dialogue between characters. Lyric poetry consists of poems that use language to express emotional feelings. These include sonnets, odes, villanelles, and canzons.
Narrative poetry includes histories, biographies, journals, and novels. They can be long poems in themselves such as epic poems which are longer than average poems. Epics such as The Iliad and The Odyssey tell the stories of famous people or events from history. Biography is a genre of literature that tells the story of someone's life. It can be written by a person who was an eyewitness to some event in their own life or someone else's biography may be written by an author who researched the subject's history. Journals are written records of daily activities with no specific theme or structure other than time passing by. Novels are stories with a beginning, middle, and end. They may be set in reality but more often than not, they are created by fiction writers for entertainment value. Histories are written accounts of important events in past civilizations that use both facts and imagination to explain what happened.
Poetry is still thought to be the exclusive owner of the three major poetic forms: lyric, narrative, and dramatic. Each form is subsequently subdivided into several subdivisions, each with its own rhyme scheme, rhythm, and/or style. A song-like quality can be found in an expressive piece of literature focused on thinking and emotion. A story-like quality can be found in a work of fiction that takes place over many pages with a beginning, middle, and end. And a play-like quality can be found in a work that uses dialogue to tell a tale.
Lyric poems are written to express personal feelings or opinions, usually but not always about love. They often use formal language and a strict meter (e.g., iambic pentameter) to highlight their emotional content. Famous examples include "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?" from Shakespeare's Sonnet 18 and "Gentlemen, your wives like your money bags" from Byron's Don Juan.
Narrative poems tell a story, usually about real people doing real things. They often use simple language and an easy meter (e.g., dactylic hexameter) to capture the attention of readers. Important examples include Homer's Iliad and Virgil's Aeneid, both of which are based on actual events.
Dramatic poems are poems that use language effectively to create a picture in the mind of the reader.