He wrote essays and poetry and compiled a 1609 chronicle of historical events in the Philippines. He is best known today for his works Noli me tangere ["Touch Me Not"] and El filibusterismo ["The Subversive," both of which condemned the excesses of Spanish colonialism and the Catholic Church in the Philippines. The latter book inspired many radicals to take up arms against Spain].
Rizal's writings were banned by the Spanish authorities and he was sentenced to death for treason. But he was granted a royal pardon due to the influence of some people such as Dr. Jose P. Rizalano, an uncle who helped secure his release from prison.
After leaving the country, Rizal lived in France and the United States before returning to the Philippines. He was executed on December 30, 1896, near Manila. His body was taken to Davao City where it now lies in peace at the national cemetery.
Today, schools all over the world observe December 10 as National Memorial Day. They do this by reading excerpts from Rizal's writings and by observing one minute of silence at 11:11 AM (the time of his execution).
He was a brilliant poet, essayist, and writer best known for his two books, Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo. During the Spanish colonization of the nation, these social critiques formed the basis of literature that inspired both peaceful reformists and military rebels. Today, he is considered the father of modern Philippine literature.
Rizal was born on January 20, 1861 in Manila to an affluent family. He had three brothers who all lived longer than he did. His childhood was filled with excitement as he witnessed the first steps toward independence from Spain. When he was eleven years old, his father died and was buried next to their family's estate in La Laguna, which today is a national park. This early death caused Rizal to develop a deep sense of responsibility for others.
In 1880, Rizal finished high school at the University of Santo Tomas. There, he developed his passion for literature and philosophy. He also started to write poems and essays that were published in local newspapers. In 1884, Rizal went abroad for the first time to study in Germany. While there, he wrote several articles for Filipino journals published in the country. Back in Manila, Rizal worked as an editor for a newspaper before becoming involved in political protests against the Spanish government.
In 1890, after the outbreak of the Philippine Revolution, Rizal joined a revolutionary army led by Gen.
The novel, El Filibusterismo, was written as a sequel to Noli Me Tangere by Dr. Jose Rizal, a Philippine national hero. The second work was devoted to the three priestly martyrs, Gomez, Burgoz, and Zamora. Rizal's objective was to show that true heroism is not limited to men of action but also found in men of thought. He wanted to demonstrate this by having one of his characters say about another character: "He was a man of thought...not of action."
Rizal's goal was to prove through his characters' actions that it is thoughts that lead to greatness or folly. He wanted to show that true heroism is not limited to men of action but also found in men of thought.
Furthermore, Rizal wanted to show that true religion is not limited to men of action either; it can be seen in holy priests who never touched a sword but died at the hands of the enemy. True religion can also be found in men of thought who invented new ways to save souls or documents that would help the country later on.
In conclusion, Rizal wrote El Filibusterismo to show that true heroism is not limited to men of action but also found in men of thought.
Rizal's first novel, Noli me tangere (The Social Cancer), was released in 1887, and it was a passionate expose of the injustices of Spanish authority in the Philippines. El filibusterismo (1891; The Reign of Greed), his sequel, positioned him as the prominent voice of the Philippine reform movement. Noli me tangere was followed by two other novels: Mi amor (My Love) and Ang Dalita'y Pag-asa (The Little Hills).
Rizal's prose is elegant and lyrical, and he was a major influence on Filipino writers such as José Rizal and Felipe Adriático de Joya.
He was also a political activist who fought for the independence of the Philippines from Spain. In 1896, he was sentenced to death for high treason but managed to escape execution by being sent into exile in Domingo Gonzalo's island prison called "La Laguna". There he wrote his last work Piso nuevo o La vida en la isla del dolor (A New Life or The Life in the Island of Pain).
During his lifetime, Rizal received many awards for his writing and activism, most notably the Nobel Peace Prize in 1908. After his death in 1896, his body was returned to the Philippines for burial. His remains are kept in Manila's Santa Cruz Cemetery.