The Iliad and Odyssey, two enormously important epic poetry of ancient Greece, are thought to have been written by Homer. The Iliad tells the story of the battles between the Greeks and the Trojans (and their allies), which took place over 10 years in order to claim Helen of Troy as his wife. The Odyssey is a poem that covers Odysseus' adventures after the end of the Trojan War. It was probably also written by Homer.
Homer's works were so influential that they still influence many poets today. They are considered the foundation of modern epic poetry.
Homer used formal epics to tell stories for entertainment purposes. He may have used other genres of poetry such as iambic verse or blank verse but we can't be sure because we don't know what kind of literature was being produced at the time. What's more, he might not have been the first poet to use these forms; perhaps men like Sappho or Alkinoos used iambic or blank verse, respectively, instead.
In addition to being important texts in themselves, the Iliad and Odyssey have had an enormous impact on later writers. Many artists have drawn inspiration from them when creating works for theatre, film, and music.
Homer (/'[email protected]/; Ancient Greek: Omeros [home: ros], Homeros) was the assumed author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two fundamental masterpieces of Greek literature. The Iliad takes place during the Trojan War, a ten-year siege of Troy by a coalition of Greek nations. It is believed that Homer created an original version of this war around 830 BC. The Odyssey is a sequel to the Iliad and recounts events from the point of view of Odysseus, one of the main characters in the Iliad.
Homer was a blind old man when the wars he described were supposed to have taken place. Yet his work remains important today because it expresses many ancient Greeks' understanding of their history. He may not have seen any of the battles himself, but he could have heard about them from people who had been there. And since he seemed to know everything about what happened during the war, they thought he must have been one of its participants.
Homer's exact birth date is unknown, but he was probably born between 769 and 745 BC. He was a citizen of the city-state of Smyrna, which was located on the coast of Asia Minor (now part of Turkey). In order to support his family, he would have practiced some form of trade - perhaps with fishermen or merchants - but also likely served in the military if necessary. It is even possible that he took part in several campaigns as a soldier.
The Greek poet Homer is credited with being the first to record the epic stories of "The Iliad" and "The Odyssey," and his works continue to have an effect on Western culture. His accuracy is disputed, but he is still widely regarded as one of the greatest poets of all time.
Homer's enormous influence on later writers was noted by several scholars who attempted to update or replace him. The first major writer in this respect was the Athenian poet Aratus, who around 315 B.C. created a work called "Phaenomena." This poem summarized much of what was known about stars and planets at that time and was particularly useful for teaching astronomy to students who could not attend classes.
Aratus was followed by other poets such as Nicander of Athens and Vergil of Rome, but their works were less well known than those of Homer and Aratus.
In the early 20th century, two American scholars made important contributions to our understanding of how much information we can rely on from the poems attributed to Homer. One of them, Henry Thomas Buckle, argued that there was no reason why Homer should not have used astronomical observations when making up his stories, and so many scientists before and since have agreed with him that he has been called the father of scientific history.