He was a prolific writer who, together with Rogelio G. Mangahas and Lamberto E. Antonio, drove the second successful modernist movement in Filipino poetry. His early literary critique was compiled in Ang Makata sa Panahon ng Makina (1972), which is today regarded as the first book of literary criticism in Filipino.
Virgilio Almario was born on January 25, 1918 in San Jose, California to Paciano Almario and Estrella De Guia. He studied at the University of California, Berkeley, where he earned his B.A. in English in 1940. That same year, he married Conchita Montenegro, a fellow student from Spain. They had three children: Virginia, María Elena and Virgilio Jr.
After graduating from college, Almario worked as an editor for several newspapers in California before moving with his family to Manila in 1949. There he started out as an editorial assistant at the now-defunct magazine Forum before becoming its chief editor in 1952. In this role, he formulated the guidelines by which it published new poets.
Almario's own poems were first published in Forum, but they soon began to appear in other magazines as well, including Philippine Poesy and Hayden's Review. He also wrote essays on literature and art for various publications.
Mariano went on to become a literary translator into Tagalog. Mariano created poetry, short tales, plays, and operettas in addition to zarzuelas and translations. Mariano concentrated on topics such as romance, socioeconomic situations, and the dreams of the Filipino people. Mariano included symbolism into his art. For example, he used images of darkness and light as metaphors for good and evil.
Mariano was born on April 11, 1836 in San Fernando, La Union. His father was a government employee who later became a police officer. When Mariano was eight years old, the family moved to Manila where his father was appointed governor of the Intramuros district. He attended school in the city until the age of 16 when he dropped out to work as an assistant editor at the magazine La Solidad.
In 1857, Mariano published his first poem in the newspaper El Patriota. This event sparked his career as a writer. Two years later, he co-founded another publication called La Revista del Oidor with Agapito Nieves. The magazine had several contributors including Bernardo Riego de Leon, Juan Luna, and Rosendo H. Dela Cruz. In 1865, Mariano married Antonia Alba Ferrer. The couple had three children: Libertad, Antonio, and Consuelo.
"Nasaan Ka Irog," "Magbalik Ka Hirang," and "Himutok" were among his works. Nicanor Abelardo died in 1934 at the age of 41, leaving behind a collection of over 140 works and a familial legacy that lives on today.
Abelardo was born on January 4th, 1871 in San Francisco de Malabon, Philippines. He was baptized as an infant and raised by his parents who were both musicians. His father was a drummer for the Spanish army who later worked as a bandmaster for the municipal police force. Young Nicanor showed an interest in music from an early age and decided to pursue it professionally. He studied under several prominent musicians including his father and Antonio Lopez.
In 1889, he moved to Manila where he became one of the first students at the newly established University of Santo Tomas. Here he continued his studies under German professors who had come to the country to teach music at the university. In 1893, Abelardo graduated with a bachelor's degree in music. He then went back home to run the family business but soon decided to move to Europe where the future of music was being shaped by new ideas and trends. He traveled throughout Spain and France playing bar songs for a living and in 1900 settled down in Paris where he could focus on writing music full time.
Saint Thomas Aquinas' Summa Theologica, written from 1265 to 1274, is mostly intellectual in nature. It was followed by the Summa Contra Gentiles, which, while philosophical, comes off to many critics as apologetic of the ideas he articulated in his earlier writings. A third work, the Opus Dei, is a collection of guidelines for living released in 1952. It is considered an essential reading for anyone seeking to follow the teachings of Jesus Christ and learn about the spiritual life.
Saint Thomas wrote the Summa Theologica as a response to questions he received from colleagues at the University of Paris. The work covers every topic in theology and attempts to answer them all. It is structured into seven parts, called "articles," that deal with different topics within theology: God, Creation, Evil, Grace, Law, Prophets, Church, Baptism, Eucharist, Heaven, Hell, and Earth. Each article contains a variety of questions that seek to explore what Saint Thomas has to say on the subject.
The Summa Theologica is considered one of the most important theological works of the Middle Ages. It played an important role in the development of Western philosophy and theology. As such, it is recommended reading for any student of Aristotelian philosophy or medieval Scholasticism.
They both went to Rome to study. They both wrote about everyday events. They both mocked serious authors. Ovids work is considered the foundation of modern-day medical science while that of Virgil is known for its influence on politics and culture.
Horace was a lyric poet who used to write odes to celebrate important events in his life. These odes are called carmina. He also wrote about three hundred epodes which are love poems to beautiful ladies. Unlike other poets of his time who wrote in Greek, he preferred Latin as it was easier for him to compose in a language he did not know. So, he had people who could read and understand Latin write out his poems for him so that he could copy them by hand.
Ovid's art was designed for entertainment rather than education. It is this fact that has made him famous where others have failed. He is regarded as the father of romance literature because of his works which included novels, stories, and dramas.
Virgil is considered the most important ancient writer because of his role in creating a worthy heir to Homer. Like other great writers of his time such as Plato, Aristotle, and Theophrastus, he too tried his hand at poetry.
She recalls the periods when she first learned to read and write in her memoirs. Rashsundari Debi was a Bengali writer well known for writing the first full-fledged autobiography in modern Bengali literature. She was one of Bengali literature's first female authors. Her work attracted attention from early on and was widely read throughout Bengal. She died at the young age of 36.
Rashsundari Devi was born on August 12, 1876 in Chittagong District, East Bengal (present-day Bangladesh). Her father was Narayan Deb and her mother was Chandrani Devi. She had two sisters named Sushila and Sujata. When Rashsundari was five years old, her family moved to Calcutta where her father worked as an accountant for the Indian Railway Department. Here she received her education. In 1893, her father retired to spend more time with his family and Rashsundari went to St. Mary's School in Calcutta. The next year, her father died suddenly while watching over one of the trains that he had been responsible for maintaining; this may have caused him to be hospitalized when he was already suffering from tuberculosis. This is what leads many historians to believe that he died of the disease.
After her father's death, Rashsundari stopped going to school and started working to support her family.