Romanticism is a literary trend that lasted roughly from 1790 to 1850. The movement was defined by a love of nature and the ordinary man, a stress on individual experience, an idealization of women, and an acceptance of isolation and sadness. Its proponents included poets such as William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, John Keats, and Leigh Hunt; authors including Mary Shelley, Jane Austen, and Charles Dickens; and artists including Thomas Gainsborough and Joshua Reynolds.
The term "romantic" comes from the Latin word for love, which is rosatum, a rose-colored color. Thus, romantic writers focus on subjects they believe are beautiful or worthy of love.
During this time period, Europe was going through a political and social revolution known as the Romantic Movement. Many people felt powerless in the face of enormous changes taking place around them; many others were excited by this new freedom. As a result, literature written during this era contains many references to love, death, and heroism as symbols of resistance against oppression.
In poetry, the Romanticists often used images and metaphors that would later become associated with depression and loneliness. These feelings were not intended by the poets, but rather served as tools to express their experiences.
According to Webster's dictionary, Romanticism is "a literary and artistic movement in the late 18th and early 19th century that emphasized nature rather than society."
Romantic poets such as William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and John Keats often described nature as being full of emotion that needed to be felt rather than thought about. They believed that true greatness can only be found in nature rather than in people. Also, Romantic artists such as Jean-Paul Marat, Michelangelo, and Leonardo da Vinci painted scenes from real life instead of following traditional painting methods. These men wanted to show the reality of history by portraying it as it actually was—with all its flaws and darkness—instead of hiding these things with bright colors and idealized figures.
Some scholars believe that Romanticism started in France with the works of French writers such as Bernardin de Saint-Pierre and Chateaubriand. However, others think that it appeared first in Germany with the writings of Goethe and Schiller. No matter where it originated, by the time it reached England and America, it was known as European Romanticism.
Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical, and philosophical movement that began in Europe around the end of the 18th century and peaked in most places between 1800 and 1850. It is characterized by its focus on emotion over reason, nature over culture, and introspection over social convention.
In literature, romance refers to any genre of fiction that includes elements of love and courtship as well as adventure, warfare, betrayal, heroism, and miracles. The term originated in 15th-century France and originally meant "any book of chivalry". In English literature, it became popular after 1647 with the publication of Samuel Richardson's Pamela; or, Virtue Rewarded. Modern uses of the word include titles such as Edward Bulwer-Lytton's Crime and Punishment or Andrew Lang's Red Romance.
The phrase "the romantic age" was coined by Walter Scott in his review of Lord Byron's Don Juan (1819). He used it to describe what he called "a feverish excitement about everything military and patriotic." It has since been applied to other phenomena, such as "the romantic period in music" (1790s-1820s), "the romanticist movement in philosophy" (1800s), and "the romantic era in art" (1750s-1850s).
Learners of the English Language Romanticism is described as a late 18th and early 19th century art, literature, and literary style that stressed the imagination and emotions; the characteristic or state of being impractical or unrealistic; romantic feelings or ideals.
It was a time when Europe was beginning to modernize and industrialize, bringing new people and ideas into existence. Interest in science and technology grew, as did interest in other cultures and past civilizations. It was also a time when nationalism was becoming popular, so writers and artists had freedom to express themselves without worrying about government censorship.
Romanticism is different from classicism in that it focuses on emotion and intuition rather than logic and reason. This can be seen in many works of literature from this period, including Shakespeare's plays and Byron's poems.
Artists and poets took inspiration from many sources during the Romantic era. Some of these sources include nature, history, religion, and even politics. For example, William Blake created illustrations for books that criticized the government and industry of his time but kept true to what he believed were divine laws. John Milton was a Christian poet and writer who fought for Parliament during the English Civil War before being imprisoned for treason-felony. He is considered one of the founders of modern poetry because of his emphasis on rhythm, meter, and language structure.