A credible argument is one that is logically coherent and well-supported by solid evidence and reasoning. A speaker or writer can appeal to his or her audience in a variety of ways: 2 reason or logic (logos), 2 emotion (pathos), and/or 3 ethics and morality (ethos).
Authors who use logic as their main form of persuasion usually try to be as accurate as possible when describing their arguments. They may also give more attention to certain aspects of an argument, such as evidence or logic.
For example, an author could argue that society should not discriminate against homosexuals because they deserve equal rights regardless of what they do with their own lives. In other words, the argument uses logic to support its conclusion that discrimination is wrong.
The author would then have used evidence from history and current events to prove his point. He might also have discussed different perspectives on homosexuality, which are all valid forms of evidence that could help his audience understand why discriminating against homosexuals is wrong.
Finally, he would have used logic to show how his argument is consistent with established values in society. For example, most people believe it is wrong to steal, so arguing that homosexuals should be allowed to marry would be inconsistent. The author could have stated this fact as evidence that supports his claim.
Logical authors tend to focus on evidence that is relevant to their argument.
1. An author's argument is the view or idea in which he or she wishes to persuade readers. Authors write about these views in order to make their arguments clear to others and themselves. This means that authors' arguments are not objective facts but rather opinions that they are trying to convince others of.
2. The goal of any argument is to prove your point. When you write an article, book, speech, or email, you are doing so in order to get a point across to others. This point can be as simple as "I like green eggs and ham." But it can also be more complex, such as "Eating meat is important for human health." Or it can be controversial, such as "Women should not work outside the home." Whatever your argument may be, it can be divided into different parts called sections. Within each section, you will want to include examples from real life, statistics, research studies, and other forms of evidence that support your case.
3. Evidence shows that authors use different types of arguments when writing articles, books, speeches, and emails. For example, when arguing in an article, an author might use logic and reasoning skills to explain why someone else's opinion is wrong or why they own view is correct.
There are several methods for establishing credibility in persuasive writing and making your message trustworthy to your audience.
How to Establish Your Writing's Credibility
Validity An argument's property in logic is that the validity of the premises logically assures the truth of the conclusion. Because of the nature of the argument, whenever the premises are true, the conclusion must likewise be true. A premise is said to be valid if it cannot possibly be false; otherwise, it is invalid.
In formal arguments, the word "validity" also refers to the property of a logical system or framework within which the argument is written down. If a formal system has this property, then we say that the argument is "valid" in the system. For example, Peano Arithmetic is a formal system whose axioms guarantee that any proof can be reduced to an empty one. Thus, any argument in PA is valid.
In informal arguments, the word "validity" often has a different meaning. Here, we say that an idea is valid if it is not possible for it to be false; that is, it must be true. For example, let's say that someone claims that all swans are white. We could ask them to prove this statement by giving us one black swan to disprove their claim. They could not do so because it is impossible for a black swan to exist - therefore, their claim was valid.
Now, suppose they had claimed instead that almost all swans are white.
To persuade an audience, you can utilize one of three rhetorical appeals or strategies of argument: logos, ethos, or pathos. These are the common tools used by orators to convince their listeners that they should act in some way.
The word "rhetoric" comes from the Greek rhetoric, which means "the art of persuasion". This tool is used by politicians, lawyers, activists, and others to convince others of the merits of their views. It involves the use of logic and language to achieve this goal.
There are three main types of arguments: logical, emotional, and ethical. Logical arguments rely on facts and reason to support a case. They can be further divided into formal and informal. Formal arguments follow a specific structure based on topic, point, premise, conclusion. Informal arguments do not follow this structure but rather reflect how humans communicate - emotionally, through examples, stories, and metaphors. Ethical arguments focus on what action to take based on certain circumstances. For example, an activist might use rhetoric to persuade people to support her cause by arguing that it is the right thing to do.
Pathos refers to the ability to create emotion in an audience.
It seeks to convince the reader to accept a certain point of view or to perform a specific action. By discussing facts, providing logical arguments, utilizing instances, and referencing experts, the argument must always employ strong reasoning and solid proof. The following are some examples of how logic is used in persuasive writing.
If you want your reader to take action, you need to give them a reason to act. Why should they go beyond the call of duty and do something that not everyone else is doing? What will happen if they don't take action? An effective argument for action must be based on facts and logic. Think about what would happen if we didn't have police officers? Would crime be reduced to such an extent that no one would bother? Of course not. So the fact that police officers exist is clearly necessary for society to function. Now think about all the bad things that can happen in life. If someone loses their job, then they will likely fall into debt. They might even commit suicide. Is any of this fair? No, but it happens all the time. Even if you change the circumstances up a bit, like if someone wins the lottery, then they might do something irresponsible with their money. Maybe they will start drinking again or maybe they will just waste the opportunity. Either way, chances are that whatever good came from the situation wouldn't justify the bad. Without logic, opinions become beliefs and beliefs become truths.