The technical word is "prosopagnosia." (I'm not posting a quotation because Sacks writes in a meandering style and there aren't many snappy quotes to choose from.)
Generally, these people have suffered a brain injury that affects their ability to recognize faces. They can still identify friends by other physical attributes such as voice or body shape, but they have problems with names because they don't know what faces correspond to them.
It's interesting how much of our social interaction depends on names. We use surnames to identify people we meet, exchange business cards with, etc. Without knowing someone's name, we would be unable to communicate with them.
In the book, Sacks describes several patients who suffer from this condition. One patient, who he calls "Sam", cannot remember names even though he has an excellent memory for other things. He says that when he sees someone new, he tries to think of something that will help him remember them later, such as using their phone number or address. If he can't come up with anything, then they'll just have to stay strangers.
Another patient, whom Sacks calls "Bob", suffers from prosopagnosia as well as parahypacusis-a loss of hearing at high frequencies.
You're looking for the word acyrologia. Someone who uses such terms is likely to be referred to as an acyrolog, however this is a neologism. If the words being mistaken sound similar, you're dealing with a type of acyrologia known as a malapropism or (less commonly) a dogberryism. Malapropisms are common among people who use language as a means of entertainment; someone who gets a kick out of using incorrect words is called a malapropist.
Acyrologia is the misuse of words intended as proper names. This may occur when people substitute one word for another in naming objects, persons, or events. For example, someone might name their favorite football team "the Chicago Bears", when they mean to say "the Chicago Cardinals". In fact, both teams are from Chicago! Another example would be if someone named their car "Fred's Ferrari". This would be a malapropism because cars are not named after individuals.
People often confuse cy and psi-cy. Cy refers to words that sound alike but have different meanings. For example, "cycle" and "cease" both start with the letter C, but they are two very different words. Psi-cy refers to words that look alike but have different origins. For example, "cipher" and "sorcerer" look like they could come from the same source word, but they are not related at all.
They might be referred to as "zombies" or "loners" in current parlance. However, it would be preferable if we never spoke these words to them. Regardless of how much one despises being a... Loading...
The precise word for this form of forgetfulness is lethologica. Lethologica, like many other English terminology linked with the mind, is a contemporary term originating from classical Greek. It means "the forgetting of words."
People who suffer from this problem call themselves lingerers or leavers by nature. The former name comes from a belief that these people can't leave things until they're finished with them while the latter refers to those who can and will always remember what they came back to in order to finish it.
There are several ways to approach this issue from both a medical and psychological perspective. From a medical standpoint, there are two main types of memory loss: general cognitive decline which affects many aspects of brain function, such as attention, reasoning, language, and perception; and specific cognitive disorders, such as dementia, which is irreversible.
From a psychological perspective, there are three main categories of memory loss: explicit, implicit, and remote. Explicit memory is what we know as "short-term memory" and it lasts for less than an hour. We use our conscious mind to process all that goes into building up this type of memory so that we can later retrieve it.
Consider yourself calm, unobtrusive, and easygoing. Unruffled by commotion or turmoil; calm. Undisturbed by trouble or anxiety. Free from worry, fear, or concern. Not agitated or excited about anything.
You are called unruffled or undisturbed when your behavior shows that you avoid problems instead of seeking them out. Your goal is to keep your emotions balanced, so you don't act on impulse when tension is high or stress is low. Instead, you maintain a cool head even in dangerous situations.
Take the example of a soldier on patrol. If he starts to feel anxious, his body will react physically by increasing heart rate and breathing rate. This prepares him for action if there is need for it. However, if he lets these feelings control him, then he would be acting on instinct rather than reason. This could lead to problems because there might be enemies around that require immediate attention!
The soldier's name is called upon when there is need to remove emotion from decision-making. For example, if gunfire is heard near where he is standing, his commander would not want him to act on instinct but rather use his brain to decide how to proceed.
Foul-Up. This word is used to describe someone who consistently makes mistakes, as in "he's a genuine blunder." We describe it as "a state of difficulty or disarray caused by inefficiency, stupidity, or other factors." He's been in real trouble with the law several times and remains in prison today.
Now, what does this have to do with music? Music is a form of art, and artists create something that can be called perfect or flawed depending on how they are viewed. If we were to judge an artist based on how many mistakes they make, would they be considered successful? Of course not! It takes skill to create something beautiful, and if we only looked at the results, we might never improve as artists.
People make mistakes all the time, but only great leaders learn from them and carry on. For example, President Abraham Lincoln was shot when he was president but continued to lead his country until he died. King George III was responsible for the American Revolution, but that doesn't mean we should always hold him up as a example to be followed. Leaders must be able to look past the mistake and see the lesson to be learned.
This concept applies to any field of study or work. A scientist who studies cells under a microscope will probably make some terrible errors along the way.