A fourteener is a line of 14 syllables made up of seven iambic feet, for which the form is also known as iambic heptameter. The phrase is also a synonym for quatorzain, a 14-line poetry similar to a sonnet. A common alternative name is pentastichon, from the Greek pente, five, and stichos, thread.
Fourteeners were popular in early modern England, when they were used by John Donne, Michael Drayton, and others. Donne's "Elegy on Mr. Dead" is an example of a fourteenth essay.
Donne was an English metaphysical poet, writer, and priest who lived from 1572 to 1631. He was imprisoned twice for writing poems that were viewed as treasonous to Queen Elizabeth I, but she granted him freedom on both occasions. Donne's work pre-dating Herbert's by about fifteen years makes him the father of metaphysical poetry. His poems are known for their simplicity yet depth, often using paradox to make points about faith, love, and mortality. Donne was one of the first poets to write about depression and anxiety, which may explain why so many people today regard him as one of their favorites.
Drayton was an English poet who lived between 1563 and 1641. He was educated at Cambridge University and became a clergyman like his father before turning to literature.
A poem of fourteen lines. What is so great about this number? Because it is the number of feet in a canon, which is the standard structure for poems within poetry.
Canons include the Iliad and the Odyssey for Greek poets Homer and Hesiod respectively; the Ten Commandments, the Psalms, and the Book of Common Prayer for English poets John Donne, George Herbert, and Edward Dering; and the Carmina Gadelica, a collection of poems by William Blake, whose work is considered part of the Scottish Renaissance.
The concrete poem is a form of visual poetry that uses concrete objects as its basis. The term was coined by American poet Charles Olson who used it to describe his own work starting in 1950. Concrete poems are created by selecting objects (commonly found objects such as stones, shells, or bones but also including other materials such as cloth, wood, metal, and even ice) and arranging them on a surface according to certain rules.
A sonnet is a poetry of fourteen lines. A sonnet's fourteen lines are traditionally made up of an octave (or two quatrains, making up an eight-line stanza) and a sestet (a stanza of six lines). Sonnets are written in the meter of iambic pentameter and have a defined rhyme pattern. They are considered to be one of the most difficult styles of English poetry for beginners to master because of the precise metrical requirements of the form.
There are many different kinds of poems called sonnets. Some are written in quatrains while others use other forms of regular verse such as tercets or heptameters. Still others use irregular meters or lack rhyme at all. Some sonnets are written by only one person while others combine work of several authors. Many famous sonnets have been written by other poets too. For example, "On the Morning of Christ's Nativity" is a well-known sonnet by William Shakespeare but it was not his first attempt at writing poetry. It was later published along with some other sonnets that had never before been released into public view.
Sonnets were originally not meant to be read as poems but rather spoken or sung. They were used by poets during the Renaissance period when language was becoming more refined and formal. As time passed, sonnets became associated with love and lost causes which makes them suitable for beginners to try their hand at.
The term sonnet is a newer twist on the classic form. It is, in essence, a fourteen-line poem with one word assigned to each line. This allows for much more freedom in expression since no punctuation is necessary.
Words and poems that are considered sonnets include Shakespeare's Sonnets and Edward Thomas'ing song'. The former is an early modern English poem written by William Shakespeare. The latter is a twentieth-century British poem written by Edward Thomas.
Shakespeare's sonnets were originally published in 1609 along with his other plays. They are believed to be written by Shakespeare between 1495 and 1604. These poems are composed of two parts: ten sonnets and two long narrative poems called Henriad (or Henry VI).
Shakespeare developed the sonnet form after writing fourteen lines of iambic pentameter. He used this form to express his love for young man named Romeo Dallagher. Thomas wrote a poem called "Sonnet" but it was not published at the time it was written in 1915. He did publish another poem later in life but it was never claimed as a sonnet.
So yes, a poem can have one word per line.