Concrete poetry, sometimes known as "form poetry," is poetry whose visual aspect corresponds to the content of the poem. The poem's form is a play on the terms tale or tail, with the lines following a long, wiggly line that gets smaller and smaller until it ends in a point. In addition, some concrete poems include an image at the end of the poem.
Concrete poetry was invented by American poet Lee Ann Kowalski. She began publishing her work in 1976, and today more than 100 of her poems are published annually. Her work has been influenced by Dadaism, Futurism, and Surrealism.
Kowalski believed that "the physical qualities of language such as sound, shape, and space influence our thinking processes" and thus shaped her own work into these constraints. Her poems typically use punctuation to create meaning within the line. For example, the exclamation point at the end of a line can express surprise, while the question mark at the beginning of the next line asks readers to join in on the conversation.
Kowalski also used typography as part of her composition process. She would type her poems using a lower-case alphabet and then revise them based on how they looked when printed.
Today, many different forms of concrete poetry exist, including picture poems, video poems, performance poems, and kinetic poems.
A form poem, also known as a concrete poetry or a calligram, depicts an item and is written in its shape. Shape poetry of various types may be created using things or themes that inspire you. A piece of fruit can be used to create a poem by shaping it into words with its features (for example, an apple becomes "applet" + "pear"). A flower can be used in a similar way; for example, a daffodil might be shaped like a truck ("coffin-lid" + "wagon") or a teacup ("narcissus" + "tea"). Other objects that can be used include boxes, bottles, bones, shells, stones, and even vehicles in unusual shapes.
The term "shape poem" is also used for other kinds of poems that use an image instead of words. These include visual poetry and poetic sculpture. Visual poets make marks on paper or canvas and read them like ordinary poems. Sculptural poets build physical pieces of art that function as poems. Both forms of poetry are popular in the world-wide-web community and many websites offer forums where people can share their work online.
Concrete poetry frequently arrange words to form an image. They may also experiment with the physical look of a poem by changing capitalization and punctuation, breaking words and sentences in unexpected places, spreading words widely across the page, and depending on white space to help express meaning and beauty. These are just some of many different techniques used by concrete poets.
The term "concrete poetry" was first used by American poet Charles Olson who described it as "a way of making statements with words instead of images." It is similar to visual poetry which uses pictures rather than words. Both concrete poetry and visual poetry can be used as instruments for social commentary or art. Although concrete poetry was initially created as artwork, it is now often used in advertisements, brochures, and other forms of communication because of its simple language and clear message style.
Concrete poetry has had a significant impact on modern poetry. The simplicity and clarity of its language and imagery has influenced many later poets including Robert Duncan, Allen Ginsberg, and James Joyce.
A shape poem is a poem that is formed in the shape of the subject it depicts. The form contributes to the poem's meaning. To begin creating a shape poem, jot down all the words that come to mind concerning the chosen theme. These words can then be incorporated into the poem. For example, if the topic is love, then the following words may come to mind: puppy, kiss, star, heart, bone.
Now, take each word and try to make a sentence out of it. For example, with the word "puppy," we might make a sentence that says "Puppies are cute." Do this with every word you wrote down. After finishing this process for all the words, you should have a collection of sentences about the theme chosen.
Next, choose one of these sentences and act it out in a dramatic way. For example, if the selected sentence was "The puppy licked my face," then you could act it out by saying certain lines or even singing them like a song. Try not to repeat yourself as well as possible new things to say while still keeping the mood consistent.
After you have acted out your selection several times, you will notice that you are left with an incomplete thought. This is okay, because poetry is supposed to have gaps in it where you can add more information later.