It appears to be a hat. Its height is equal to half the distance between the lines. It resembles a complete rest, but the distinction is that it is placed above the third line, whereas the whole rest is suspended from the fourth line. Rate! What occurred? A half minim rest is represented by a filled-in rectangle resting on top of the middle line, which is referred to as the musical material.
A half-minim rest does not change the time signature, although it may indicate that there is more than one measure of music written below the rest. For example, if a composer writes "Rest with quarter notes" and then continues to write down more quarter notes, this would be considered an improper use of the rest mark.
A proper use of the half-minim rest would be at the end of a section of music, where it indicates that no further activity should take place until the next section begins. This allows the listener some time to process what they have heard before the next piece of music starts. Half-minims are useful in moderation because too many of them used inappropriately can make a piece of music seem unfinished or careless. However, a half-minim rest used properly can help readers understand the structure of a piece better by giving them a break before starting the next section.
A half (minim) rest is represented by a filled-in rectangle resting on top of the musical staff's middle line. A half rest does not need a word or phrase to be played during it; when the note it covers is played, it will start the next note or melody element.
How does one represent a quarter rest? The same as a half rest, except that it is drawn with its base on the second line instead of the middle line.
How do you indicate an eighth rest? An eighth rest is shown as a small box with slanted corners, located over an octave number. This rests all notes within that octave.
How do you indicate a sixteenth rest? A sixteenth rest is shown as a small box with straight sides and a flat bottom, located over an octave number.
How do you indicate a thirty-second rest? A thirty-second rest is shown as a small box with straight sides and a flat top, located over an octave number.
It's half the length of a full sentence. A half rest is located directly above the middle line on a five-line musical staff. It indicates that no note should be played in that space.
The term "half rest" can also refer to an extended rest during a performance or recording. Such a rest may last for several measures or even longer.
Half rests are used to indicate that nothing should be played in order not to interfere with the melody or accompaniment. They are therefore useful for showing changes in harmony or rhythm.
A half rest can be represented musically by placing a dot above the staff inside the space where it should be played. This is sometimes called a "half stop". Although a half rest is only half as long as a full rest, it can have a considerable impact on the music. For example, if nothing is played during a half rest, it will usually signal a change in some aspect of the composition or arrangement.
Half rests appear frequently in classical music and often indicate a change of key.
The minim rest (or half-note rest) is a little rectangle that is similar to the semibreve rest but lies on the middle line of the stave rather than the second line. It has the same value as a minim note: two beats. The term "half note" refers to the fact that it takes up only one line in an eight-line stave. Although most music is not written for the minim rest, it does have uses in certain styles of music.
A minim appears at the beginning of a measure or section and disappears at the end, so its value is always the same throughout. A bar of four measures would therefore use up four minims. When more than one minim is required in a bar, as in triplets or sixteenth notes, it is usual to write the number of minims needed; for example, "a quarter note and a half note" means that you should play a quarter note followed by a half note. However true musicians can also read the notation "quarter note minim" or "half note minim", which means that you should play a quarter note or a half note, respectively.
As with all rests, the minim rest does not belong to any particular voice. It can be played by anyone who knows how to play their instrument.
So, for music in 3/4 time (such as the Skater's Waltz mentioned above), the whole-rest would be only three quarter-notes long. The half-rest resembles the whole-rest, except it sits above the third staff line rather than hanging from the fourth line (staff lines are numbered starting from the bottom). Thus, the half-rest would be one and one-half notes long.
This means that any melody note followed by a half-rest is considered to be the same tone as the preceding melody note but held for a shorter period of time. So, the second note in the melody is also the second note played when dancing, and the third note is also the third note played when skating. This applies to all melodies in 3/4 time.
Furthermore, any note followed by a half-rest but not part of the original melody is called a counterpoint note. For example, if the original melody had been D-E-F-G then the half-rest would have been placed after the F note to signal that a counterpoint note follows: G-H-I-J.
Finally, a note without a half-rest but instead followed by another note of the same value is called a plain note. So, the first note in the melody was E, the second note was D, and the third note was G. But now we come to the F note.
Half-note rest: Also known as a half-rest or minim rest, this rest covers half of a 4/4 bar. It can be used to indicate that a moment's silence should occur at that point in a song.
Full-note rest: Also known as a full-rest or maxim rest, this rest covers a whole 4/4 bar. It's half as long as a full sentence and can only be used at the beginning of a piece or between two main sections. A full rest is placed directly below the first note of the bass line on a five-line musical staff. It can be used to indicate that a moment of silence should occur at that point in a song.
Between notes: Also called a punctuation mark, this rest falls on a sound that isn't part of a word but rather between two sounds. For example, if you were singing "happy birthday," there would be a pause after happy and before birthday. This could be represented by placing a minim rest over the two notes h-a-p-p-y and f-o-r-t-i-d-a-y.
As you can see, there are several ways to represent a minim rest.