They locate Anchises deep in a beautiful green meadow, escorted by the poet Musaeus' soul, inspecting the souls of his future Roman offspring. Following an emotional greeting from his father, Aeneas inquires about a river he sees in the distance and the souls that hover "like bees" above it. Laughing, Anchises tells him that the river is the River Lethe and invites him to come visit him again someday.
After saying goodbye to his father, Aeneas sets out to find new land where he can start a new life. But first he must pass through the underworld to reach Hades, the ruler of the dead. There, Aeneas meets his old friend Apollo who helps him navigate his way through the underworld. When they arrive at Zeus' palace, Aeneas asks Apollo if he should help him find a city to build an empire. Apollo doesn't answer right away and instead tells Aeneas to go inside and look for himself.
Once inside the palace, Aeneas sees a huge room full of people who are going through a very painful process of being judged by their sins. Some are being sent to a fiery hell while others are being let into heaven. Curious, Aeneas walks up to the wall and finds that it's covered in pictures of everyone who has ever lived. He starts at the bottom left corner and makes his way to the top right corner of the world where there isn't any picture.
Rome, Italy's Galleria Borghese. A trip plan for Aeneas The Aeneid /I'ni: Id/ih-NEE-id; Latin: Aeneis [ae'ne (:) Is] is a Latin epic poem composed between 29 and 19 BC by Virgil that narrates the mythical account of Aeneas, a Trojan who traveled to Italy and became the Romans' progenitor. The work has had an enormous influence on European literature and art.
It was originally composed in four books, but book 4 is incomplete. The first three books are narrated by a priest of Jupiter, called Evander, who lives at Athens. He sends his son Ascanius to Rome to warn the descendants of Aeneas about their future home and give them guidance on how to survive. The boy reaches Rome safely and meets with some success, but is then killed by Creusa, wife of Turnus, king of Rutilus. Book 4 is narrated by Aeneas himself as he flees from Troy under the protection of Apollo. He passes through various places including Sicily where he sees ruins that remind him of his home city and he stops to tell the story of its fall to Dido. He continues his journey and arrives at Carthage where he finds shelter with Queen Iole. She agrees to help him reach Italy but he refuses her offer of marriage until they can arrive there together. Iole warns Aeneas that Turnus will try to kill him but he escapes during a night attack by Turnus' men.
The golden branch is left by Aeneas at the entrance to the joyful region of the Underworld, the Elysian Fields. He and the Sibyl enter the lovely meadows, where the shadows enjoy music, dancing, and athletic competitions. They see their Trojan forefathers as well as brilliant poets. Aeneas also recognizes his wife Creusa, who was killed by Jupiter's thunderbolt.
In order to reach the Elysium, Aeneas has to pass through the River Styx, which divides Earth from Heaven. On the other side lies the happy land, where the virtuous people live forever with Juno (Hera). They are free from disease and sorrow. There is no crime, because everyone works only for themselves and doesn't harm others.
Aeneas wants to know how he can return to Earth and fulfill his mission. The goddess Venus tells him that he will be able to return to Earth if someone will fall in love with him and wish to marry him. So Aeneas returns to Earth where he finds his family and friends waiting for him.
Aeneas' destiny is to establish the civilisation that will become Rome, as well as the dynasty of rulers that will culminate in Augustus. Anchises emphasizes this point to Aeneas in the Underworld when he reveals him Rome's future rulers. Fate validates not just the storyline of the poem, but also Augustus' governance. The poet implies that Rome would have been better off without her last king, for he was a mere puppet in the hands of Caesar.
Rome's rise to power and subsequent fall can be seen as part of a larger pattern found in classical mythology: that of the hero's journey. Aeneas must leave his home city of Troy because it is destroyed by fire caused by Juno's revenge against Paris for making another woman proud. He travels far away from home with his father, who dies soon after their arrival in Italy. Aeneas then has to face many challenges including war, slavery, and the loss of most of his family, before finally reaching his destination. It takes a lot of courage to face your fate and stay determined to reach your goal even when you're being persecuted by gods and men.
Augustus' rule was defined by peace and prosperity. He ended the civil wars that had plagued Rome for decades after his death, and restored order to the empire. At the time of his death, he had unified the country under a single government for the first time since the days of the Roman kings.