Fearful Symmetry is a line from the 1794 poem "The Tyger" by English poet and visual artist William Blake. A sense of harmonious and beautiful proportion and balance is referred to as symmetry. The poem's fearful symmetry may refer to anything terrible but lovely. The tiger is pictured as both terrifying and attractive.
Symmetry is important in art, architecture, biology, and nature. Without symmetry there would be no balance, and without balance there would be no order. Objects that are symmetrical appeal to us because we recognize ourselves in them. This connection between symmetry and humanity has been used by artists for centuries. Michelangelo was inspired by the perfect symmetry of the human body when he created some of Italy's most famous sculptures.
Modern scientists use symmetry in structure analysis to help identify what elements are needed in the formation of molecules, proteins, viruses, and other organisms. With knowledge of how these parts fit together, they can create materials that self-assemble or build themselves.
In mathematics, symmetry is the equal representation of all those entities which have identical features. In physics, symmetry is the feature of physical laws that states that they will not change if you reflect, rotate, or reverse the direction of time. In chemistry, symmetry is the similarity of atoms in molecules or compounds to each other. They can be described as having either an even number or odd number of electrons in their valence shells.
The word "fearful symmetry" summarizes the topic that Blake presents in the poem but does not fully address. "Symmetry" refers to the beauty inherent in proportional excellence or perfection. In other words, he doubts God's ability to create evil when God is meant to create only beauty and purity.
Blake uses this argument to prove that God cannot be the creator of evil because if He were, then He would not be able to create anything perfect or beautiful. Instead of believing that God could create evil, Blake believes that we should believe instead that we humans created evil.
He uses this argument to convince his readers that it is wrong for people to worship evil beings such as Satan because if Satan were truly a creature made by God, then God would not be able to create anything perfect or beautiful.
Blake refers to the problem of aesthetics, or beauty, with the phrase "fearful symmetry." The gorgeous tyger, on the other hand, is "fearful" because it is a merciless predator who exploits its "symmetry"—its elegance, balance, and beauty—to brutally kill and consume other animals. The tiger is thus both beautiful and terrifying.
Symmetry is important in biology. Living organisms tend to have structures that are either symmetrical or asymmetrical. Animals with symmetrical bodies include butterflies, beetles, mice, rabbits, and humans. Animals with asymmetrical bodies include most fish, reptiles, birds, and insects.
Symmetry is also important in physics. In physics, symmetry is defined as the property of an object or process to remain unchanged if certain changes are made to it. For example, if you rotate a ball one quarter around, it will still be round. If you flip it over, it will still be black and white. These things are said to have symmetry.
In mathematics, symmetry is the property of being equal to, or representing another set that is identical to itself when rotated, reflected, or translated. For example, the letter "o" can be used to represent any word, and once you know this letter represents a word, changing anything about it (such as replacing some letters with others) won't affect this representation.
In "The Tyger," the word "fearful symmetry" relates to the contradiction that the tyger is both beautiful and terrifying, employing its beauty, balance, and grace to serve as a merciless predator. This dual nature reflects humanity's own contradictory emotions of love and hate.
Fear is one of the four major passions of human beings (the others being hope, love, and anger). It is a natural reaction to danger and it has protected humans throughout history from dying at a young age. However, fear can also be used by society to control people - for example, through fear of punishment or promise of reward - and this is what happens in "The Tyger." Fear is such an important part of the story that there are actually two songs written about it. One song is sung by Mrs. Fairfax after she sees the tyger for the first time and realizes that it is not evil; it was just acting out because of how people had treated it. In the other song, which is played when the hunters come across the dead body of the hunter who tried to shoot the tyger, they rejoice in knowing that he is now safe from the tiger. They believe that if something terrible should happen to the tiger, they would die too. Thus, they use their love for money to cause the tiger to act wrong so that they will not have to feel afraid.
(This may assist to understand Blake's allusion to "fearful symmetry": he is portraying not just the extraordinary patterns on the tiger's skin and hair that people have learnt to fear, but also the "symmetry" between the innocent lamb and the terrifying tiger. This analogy was very popular with artists in the 18th century.)
Blake used this phrase in a poem called "The Tiger". In it he compares the innocence of a young lamb with the cunning of a cat:
"The lamb was without guile; it saw no danger in the cat. The cat seemed harmless; it stole away the lamb's life."
Here we can see that Blake believed that something as innocent as a lamb could be dangerous if faced with a cat! This shows that he did not think that cats were evil or should be feared, but rather that they presented a danger because people usually don't react to them until it is too late.
Cats were often used by Blake as symbols for something good, such as wisdom and innocence.
When you frame anything, the borders are defined, and the item does not move. - "Fearful symmetry" is a complex trait to possess. "Fearful" refers to the terrifying nature of tigers but also alluded to the sublime. - Symmetry is a heavenly attribute as well as a distinguishing feature of aesthetic beauty. So here we have the border around something terrifying yet also beautiful. This would explain why people are afraid of tigers but at the same time fascinated by them.