The author's viewpoint is the author's perspective on a topic or the concepts being conveyed. The substance and language chosen to portray the facts are included in the viewpoint. Considerate readers discern an author's point of view, opinions, hypotheses, assumptions, and potential bias. They watch for stylistic devices used by the author to express these elements.
Viewpoints can be divided into three categories: personal, formal, and academic.
A personal viewpoint is one that comes from experience only the writer can offer. It may not be accurate or complete, but it is honest. The writer includes thoughts, feelings, and opinions that influence what they write. Personal viewpoints are most common in non-academic writing such as memoirs or letters. They can also appear in journalism when the writer offers their own perspective on events.
A formal viewpoint is one that reflects the values of an organization or group. It may not reflect an individual writer's views but rather those of the organization itself. For example, a newspaper's opinion section is written by staff members who share the beliefs of the newspaper company. Even though each article may be unique, the overall tone and style remain consistent with that of the paper. Formal viewpoints can also appear in academic writing if published by an institution. For example, a university press book may be written by faculty members who represent the different points of view at their institution.
The author's attitude toward the issue determines his or her point of view. In other words, the author's viewpoint is how the issue appears from the author's vantage point. To grasp the author's perspective or point of view, you must look through the writer's eyes. Doing so will help you understand what motivates him or her to write about the issue.
Here are some questions that may help you understand the writer's perspective: What is the writer trying to achieve? Why does the writer think this information is important? What fears might affect how the writer approaches the issue? What interests the writer? What matters most to the writer? What ideas might influence how the writer reports on the issue?
Consider the following example: A writer believes that there is a lack of integrity in politics. Through studying politicians' actions, the writer concludes that many are self-serving and only care about themselves. By explaining this phenomenon, the writer hopes to make people more aware of their political leaders and be less likely to trust them. This could be considered the writer's perspective on politics because the writer wants to draw attention to the issue by showing how little trust we can place in politicians.
Now, let's say another writer believes that politics is full of corruption. She has seen evidence of this herself by observing how politicians act. Because she thinks this issue is too important to ignore, she writes an article for a major news site.
A viewpoint essay is a formal piece of writing that expresses the writer's point of view. It's not unexpected in this case. Because this type of essay requires you to express and defend your own point of view, you can and should use the first person: I believe. According to my opinion, many people think that...
According to my interpretation, many people think that...
According to my understanding, point of view refers to the structure the author has selected for the narrative (who is speaking), whereas perspective refers to a character's viewpoint (how she is feeling and thinking). The majority of books are written in either first-person or third-person perspective. First-person books are written in the voice of one specific character, while third-person books use "he" or "she" to identify which person is being discussed.
First-person books can be difficult to write because the author is directly addressing the reader and requires close interaction between the two. Third-person books are easier to write since the writer does not have to worry about connecting with the reader emotionally but can focus on providing information that will help the story unfold.
Writing in first person can also be difficult because the author is telling his or her own story and must include enough detail so that the reader feels like he or she is there alongside them. This may involve describing scenery or events that did not actually take place but are inferred from other facts in the book or by using imagined dialogue or thought fragments. Writing in third person allows for more flexibility in the storytelling process since the author is not required to include all details about what happens during the course of the story.
Finally, writing in first person can make the story more relatable to the reader because it allows him or her to experience some of the feelings described in the piece.
The "you view" evaluates and highlights the reader's interests and points of view. Because the writer emphasizes the reader's interest or advantage, the writer is more likely to assist the reader in understanding information or acting on a request. The "you view" is expressed by using first person pronouns (I, me, my) and third person pronouns (he, him, his). First person pronouns are used when the writer describes what they think or feel; third person pronouns are used when the writer describes someone else's thoughts or feelings.
For example, if I were to write an article about how students can get good grades in biology tests, I would use first person pronouns (I) because I am describing my own experience studying for exams. If another student wrote this piece, they could use third person pronouns (he) because they are not describing their own experience but rather someone else's.
First person pronouns are also used when writing stories about events that happened to you, such as essays about personal experiences. Using first person pronouns, the writer can describe what they felt during the event or explain why they did something - for example "I went to the store because it was on our way home".
Third person pronouns are usually used when writing descriptions of things or people without referring to specific individuals.