Authors may publish in a predatory publication for a variety of reasons, including: They mistook it for a real journal. They need to publish anything right away (typically for publishing/parish reasons), either because they already have other valid outlets or because there is a deadline. They want to exploit the open access model by charging fees for submission and processing their paper (thus making money even if they do not get accepted).
Predatory publications often use creative names to trick researchers into thinking they are more important than they actually are. For example, a publication called "International Journal of Advanced Research" might seem like a high-quality outlet to add to your CV, when in fact it is just another generic research journal. Or a publication called "European Heart Journal" could be something relevant to heart disease patients, but it is also available free online from many other sources. It might look like a reputable journal, but it could be hiding some embarrassing details about its owner.
Often, these papers contain errors that make them difficult or impossible to reproduce. This means that others cannot verify the results, so they can't build on them. It also means that if the same researcher reports similar results again, they can't be reproduced. These papers should not be used to draw conclusions about the effectiveness of an intervention or new drug.
Predatory publishers charge authors for editing and publishing their papers, which can cost up to $10,000.
Predatory journals exploit writers by charging them a fee to publish without offering peer-review or editing services. Because predatory publishers do not adhere to academic publishing norms, they frequently advertise a speedy turnaround on publishing a work. However, because these publishers do not conduct peer review or editorial evaluation of submitted works, it is impossible for authors to know whether or not their work has been accepted for publication until it arrives in the mail.
In addition to charging fees to publish, some predatory publishers require that authors pay additional fees in order to access published articles. These can include fees for scientific databases and other resources used by researchers when writing papers.
Some studies have shown that many predatory journals are produced in China with the aim of spreading unverified research findings that are then used by doctors to make decisions about patients. Others studies have shown that most of these publications are simple journals that offer little more than a space for authors to print their papers and charge fees for this service.
According to the Journal Evaluation Project, a survey conducted by the Center for Open Science that measures the quality of journals based on four criteria (peer review process, openness, transparency, and accuracy) that most academic journals claim to follow, only 12% of journals counted as "predatory" by other studies were rated as such by participants in the Journal Evaluation Project.
Predatory publishing (also known as "write-only" publishing or "deceptive publishing") is a deceptive academic publishing business model that involves charging authors publication fees without checking articles for quality and legitimacy, and without providing the editorial and publishing services that legitimate academic journals require. This model is used by companies that sell articles or other content in exchange for money or other consideration.
In addition to article selling websites, there are question-and-answer sites, such as Quora and Yahoo! Answers that function as online magazines where readers can vote on which answers they find most helpful. An increasing number of these sites are turning to paid contributors to help them create more engaging content. Paid contributors are hired based on their ability to generate traffic and/or sales for the site. They are typically expected to publish at least one article per week, with some posting multiple times per day.
These sites often claim that they want to help people by making useful information available for free. However, because they do not pay editors or peer reviewers to evaluate submissions, they are not considered true publishers. Rather, they are in the business of selling articles at a profit. Although they may provide links to obtain free materials such as white papers or webinars, this does not make them reputable sources.
Furthermore, because they rely on user-submitted content, these websites may include misinformation or inappropriate material.
Serhat Kurt wondered in a 2018 study, "Why do writers publish in predatory journals?" When asked why they submit to predatory publications, he cited four answers. These were Social Identity Threat, Publish Pressure, Lack of Awareness, and Research Proficiency. Social identity threat is the fear that rejecting a submission will be perceived as a rejection by other scholars. This can be avoided by submitting one's work to high-ranking journals; however, this may not lead to more citations because these papers are likely to be ignored, said Kurt.
Kurt also noted that writers may submit their work to predatory journals out of pressure from funding agencies or academic institutions to publish in top-tier journals. Without such incentives, said Kurt, writers might be less willing to submit their work to journals with no reputation.
At last, researchers may not be aware of the fact that some journals charge fees for publishing. Many writers hope to receive feedback on their work from peer reviewers or editors before deciding whether to continue with publication planning. If an article is rejected, then at least they have had the chance to be seen by others. Some studies have shown that articles published in prestigious journals are more likely to be cited later in other works. Therefore, writing submissions to high-quality journals is important for authors hoping to promote their research careers.
Finally, researchers may submit their work to journals without checking their credentials.
In general, predatory publishers make misleading promises to authors and act unethically. They also disrupt the scientific information and publication environment by disseminating low-quality, unregulated, and invalidated articles, which are frequently published on transitory sites, so erasing the scholarly record. Finally, because they do not follow any standard research or publishing ethics, they undermine the foundation of science and academia.
Predatory journals have no peer review process and will accept anything that meets their criteria. Therefore, you should only submit your work to legitimate journals. Predatory journals often charge authors fees to publish their articles. Some of these journals may offer free access for some articles, but this is unlikely to be the case for multidisumable publications. The most obvious sign that an article has been submitted to a predatory journal is if it does not appear in search results when searched using Google or other search engines.
An example of a predatory publisher is IOS Press. Other examples include Wiley Publishing, BMC Research Publications, and RSC Publishing.
Authors should be aware that there are many fraudulent academics who take advantage of their reputation and prestige to get them to submit papers to these journals. If you suspect that you have received an invitation from a predator, then contact a member of the editorial staff immediately and explain the situation. Most predators will back down when they realize that you know about their activities.