According to the APA Publication Manual (2020), you should use italics in the body of your paper for the names of "books, reports, websites, and other stand-alone works" (p. 170); periodicals (journals, magazines, newspapers) are "included within the body of the work." You should also use italics for the names of people "including authors, editors, and illustrators" (pation Manual, p. 170).
Italics are used for emphasis. When you want to call attention to a particular word or phrase, put it in boldface or underline it. Using italics is more discreet but still effective way of emphasizing text.
Generally, words in quotes are considered emphatic markers. Emphatic markers include exclamation marks, question marks, and periods. These words are not found in ordinary text but appear only at the beginning or end of sentences, or in quotations. Thus, they provide strong visual cues that something important is being said.
Emoji are characters that replace letters or numbers on a keyboard to create symbols or images representing feelings, ideas, and events. Emoji are popular in electronic messaging applications such as Twitter and Facebook. They can be used in place of @username or #hashtag annotations to indicate personal opinions or comments on certain topics.
Full-text titles, such as books or newspapers, should be italicized. Poems, articles, short tales, and chapters should have their titles in quotation marks. If the name of the book series is italicized, titles of volumes that create a greater body of work may be put in quotation marks. For example: "A History of Italy".
In general, use italics to emphasize words that would otherwise be treated as normal text.
Here are some examples of how italics can be used to highlight specific parts of a book title:
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer - Mark Twain
The Diary of Anne Frank - Anne Frank
Modern Rome - John Julius Norwich
When you want to indicate that something is a title, but not always display it in italics, then titling elements (see below) are your friend. For example: "Tom Sawyer; or, The adventures of a boy."
As well as being used to draw attention to particular words, phrases, or sections within a book title, italics can also be used for aesthetic purposes. One example would be when you want to give a book an old-fashioned look. You could do this by using italic typeface instead of regular typeface.
Titles and italics Italics should be used on book titles, album titles, and publishing names for an online page or while using a word processing application. Using italics on any other words on the page is unnecessary.
Boldfaced text Boldfaced text should be used to emphasize words that need to be read quickly or often repeated phrases or clauses within a sentence. Using boldface on any other words on the page is unnecessary.
Underlined text Underlining text allows the reader to easily identify words that are important in the context of the sentence. Underlining can also be used to highlight quotations in articles or poems. Underlining any other words on the page is unnecessary.
Strikethrough Text with strikethroughs should be used to indicate words or sentences that were deleted from a document or article. Striking out words like useless or meaningless does not affect their meaning but only signals to readers that these words were removed by the author.
Block quotes Block quotes are items within quotation marks that contain paragraphs as well as formatting styles. These can be used to distinguish different points of view in a paper or to describe similarities and differences among objects or concepts. Block quotes usually begin with a large capital letter and end with a punctuation mark.
Work titles should be italicized (or underlined). Here are several examples: 3. Documents Based on the foregoing, you may be wondering, "Are articles italicized?" Articles are shorter pieces of writing. As a result, they are surrounded by quote marks rather than italicized.
In a citation (MLA style, 8th edition), websites are italicized with the webpage name in quotes. According to the Purdue OWL, it is critical to be consistent with your usage of italics and underlining.
The title of a work is usually taken from the title page of the publication. Italicize the titles of longer publications such as books, magazines, databases, and websites. For titles found in longer works such as articles, essays, chapters, poetry, Web pages, songs, and speeches, use quote marks. Do not italicize song titles or movie titles.
In MLA style, the title of an article is placed in quote marks rather than italicized. This includes articles from journals, newspapers, websites, and any other type of publishing. The title of the source where the article was published should be italicized. For example: "The American Journal of Medicine is a monthly publication that reviews new developments in medicine."
In addition to the title, the byline of the author(s) is also placed in quote marks. They are listed after the title but before the abstract. For example: "John Doe, M.D., wrote this article entitled 'A Case Study on Medical Malpractice.'"
If the author has more than one name, all of them are quoted. For example: "Jane Smith writes for the Jane Smith Journal of Some Sort. She wrote this article about medical malpractice lawsuits."
It is acceptable to use single quotes instead of double quotes to indicate titles or bylines. It is also acceptable to use em dashes instead of single or double quotes. For example: "I like reading--The New York Times is my favorite newspaper."
You do not need to include page numbers with journal articles.