Yellow journalism was a type of newspaper reporting that focused on sensationalism rather than facts. During its peak in the late nineteenth century, it was one of several forces that pushed the United States and Spain into war in Cuba and the Philippines, resulting in the United States' conquest of foreign territory. It also had a profound effect on American politics by creating a climate conducive to the rise of the Republican Party.
Yellow journalism came about because most newspapers were owned by individuals who wanted to make a profit. To do this, they needed to attract more readers than their competitors, so they would sell more papers. Some papers made money by printing news stories that they already had permission to publish, but others used private detectives to find scoops that they could sell to newspapers for a price. This is how many major scandals were started - by reporters buying information from police officers or other sources- and they needed a good story to sell. Sometimes they would fabricate things to lure people into publishing articles based on false information.
The term "yellow journalism" comes from the color of some newspapers' front pages during this time period. The yellow color was intended to catch readers' eyes and draw them inside where they would be enticed with dramatic headlines and photographs. Some newspapers even hired cartoon characters such as Tom Swift to grab readers' attention.
This type of journalism had a number of negative effects on society.
The use of gruesome features and sensationalized news in newspaper printing to attract readers and improve circulation is known as yellow journalism. The word was coined in the 1890s to characterize the aggressive rivalry between two New York City newspapers, the World and the Journal. Both papers were owned by the American News Company; they often printed exaggerated or false stories about each other's employees to discredit them politically or personally.
Some examples of yellow journalism include: reporting that a crime had been committed when no crime had taken place (an example cited by the Columbia Encyclopedia), publishing photos of dead bodies in order to increase circulation, and writing up criminal suspects on the assumption that they will be convicted.
Both the World and the Journal used this type of journalism extensively during the 1890s. However, only the World came out in print on Sundays, which made it easier for people to find out what was happening in their community. Therefore, Sunday was called "the holy day of the newspaper."
In conclusion, yellow journalism is defined as the use of gruesome features and sensationalized news in newspaper printing to attract readers and improve circulation.
Journalism in the shade. That's how one paper described the other's style of reporting.
In an effort to compete with other newspapers for reader attention, many papers at this time adopted a format called the "inside story". If there was a murder or other violent crime happening in their town, these papers would print detailed accounts of what had happened from the perspective of the victims/perpetrator. This method of reporting was considered shocking at the time because it showed a side of people's lives that normal newspapers didn't cover!
Another popular form of journalism at the turn of the century was political cartoons. Many newspapers included editorial cartoons in their publications. These drawings were made by artists and often mocked politicians or events that were going on in the world. Because politics was such a controversial topic at the time, many cartoons were also critical of candidates during elections!
Finally, some newspapers printed photos related to current events. Since cameras were expensive, papers often hired photographers to take pictures of important people and places. They would then reproduce these photographs in order to remind their readers about what was happening in their community and beyond.
What was the primary reason that yellow journalism had such a significant impact on American perceptions toward Cuba and the Spanish-American War? They blamed Spain for the explosion and demanded that the United States declare war. When the USS Maine exploded in Cuba in 1898, how did publications that utilized yellow journalism react? Within hours of the attack, reporters wrote articles blaming the disaster on everything from bad food to an evil Cuban plot to get revenge on America for its support of slavery. One article even claimed that the ship had been sent off shore to explode at a precise time when the president was visiting it so he could be blamed for the incident.
These reports made people think that there was a lot of violence in Cuba and this scared many Americans who wanted to stay out of conflict overseas.
Before the war with Spain, only 1 in 20 Americans had ever gone to Cuba. After the crash of the Maine, more than half of Americans aged 15-24 were eager to go fight in what became known as the "war to end all wars".
The media's role in creating a climate of hysteria before hostilities began is evident from letters written by soldiers in preparation for their departure. Many said they would not sleep properly because of fear about enemy attacks. Some even requested guard ships be stationed near where they were staying in case "the Spaniards" tried to kill them too.