To be sure, the literary traditions of Arabic, English, French, and Portuguese, as well as Christianity, Islam, and other effects of colonialism in Africa, had a dynamic impact on African literature, but African writers adapted those alien traditions and made them their own by incorporating them into these African...
African literature is defined as writing produced in Africa or by Africans about Africa or arising from an authentic connection with that country or its people. The term covers works of fiction, poetry, non-fiction, and drama produced in languages such as English, French, Portuguese, Spanish, Swahili, etc.
Literature is expressed through language and consists of two elements: words and sentences. Words are used to describe things while sentences combine words to create meaning. Every culture has its own set of words which reflect that culture's values and ideas. Language is therefore important because it can be used to communicate thoughts and ideas between people from different backgrounds and cultures.
African literature can be divided up into several broad categories: novels, short story collections, memoirs, essays, and poems. Although most African writers produce more than one type of work, these are the most common ones. In addition to written word, some artists such as musicians and filmmakers have also contributed to the development of African literature. Film is an art form that uses light and sound to tell a story, so it makes sense that many African writers have also been film directors or actors.
Modern African literature arose from the educational institutions imposed by colonialism, which were based on European models rather than existing African traditions. However, African oral traditions had their own impact on this literature. Storytellers such as the Igbo Okezie de Nto, the Malawian Mphahlekwa, and the South African Padmini may have influenced each other's work.
Colonialism had a negative effect on African cultures, but it also provided Africans with opportunities to express themselves creatively through writing and art. During the colonial era, several schools opened up across Africa that focused on teaching Europeans-language skills needed by government officials. These schools often had very limited success because they lacked support from local governments and often attracted students from different ethnic groups who fought with each other after graduation.
After independence in 1952, many countries in Africa began publishing magazines that included short stories, poems, and essays by authors within their borders and abroad. Many of these writers became famous throughout Africa and elsewhere in the world. The Ugandan author Michael Arisikeze is one example of an early modern writer whose work has been widely read for decades inside and outside Uganda. He used his fiction to criticize the practices of his country's leaders during some difficult times in its history.
Throughout its lengthy history, Africa has faced several adversities, which have influenced the topics of its literature. The missionaries traveled to Africa to create churches and language schools so that religious scriptures could be translated. As a result, Africans began to write in both European and indigenous languages. This exchange of ideas resulted in a new genre of writing called "Christianity in the Making." Although Christianity came to Africa primarily through the efforts of the missionaries, many African writers later developed their own interpretations of the Bible.
Besides religion, politics also affects what type of literature is written. If you study African literature, you will learn about the colonialism that plagued Africa for hundreds of years. European countries used their power to take resources from Africa; they also built hospitals for Indians but not for blacks. In addition, some African leaders encouraged black people to fight against white people so that they could keep their power. All of these events have shaped how Africans view themselves and the world around them. Today, many African writers are trying to get rid of the images people have of Africa that come from media reports.
Finally, Africa's history of war has caused many poets to focus their attention on peace. These poets hope to convince other people that violence is not the answer to any problem. They want everyone to know that with love and faith, everything can be resolved.
In conclusion, Africa's history has affected how it views itself and the world around it.