Allan Ramsay and Robert Fergusson were his direct literary influencers in the use of Scots in poetry. During and after his death, the Edinburgh literati sought to romanticize Burns, disregarding his schooling by referring to him as a "heaven-taught ploughman." This characterization is accurate in that Burns was not educated for the ministry like his friend Fergusson but rather trained as a lawyer. However, it fails to take into account that he was also cultured and refined beyond most Scottish farmers at that time.
Burns wrote several poems during his lifetime, some of which were published under the names "Robert Ferguson" and "Rob Roy". He also wrote one long poem called "The Cotter's Saturday Night", or "Lays of the County". This last work has been called "the greatest achievement in English poetry since Milton".
Burns' own opinion on his talent can be seen from two lines he included in "A Man's A Man": "A man's a man for a' that." These words are often used as a motto by today's feminists because they assert that a woman's value is independent of her gender. Although this poem was written many years before women gained legal rights in Britain, Burns' message still stands today.
Another factor that may have influenced Burns to write poems was the fact that in 1786, Scotland had no official language.
Robert Burns began his life as a lowly tenant farmer but channeled his intellectual energies into poetry and song to become one of Scotland's most famous cultural figures. Born on 25 January 1759 in the small village of Ca'nongross, Roxburghshire, he was the only child of William Burnes and Agnes Graham. His father was a humble farm worker who died when Robert was just eight years old. Since their income was too meagre to pay for a tutor, young Robert had to learn how to read and write by himself.
He showed an early interest in poetry and used to entertain guests with his poems. When he reached the age of 12, his mother sent him to Edinburgh to study under a private tutor. Here, he met other students who shared his enthusiasm for literature and music. It was here that he wrote some of his most famous poems, including "Auld Lang Syne" which is often used at New Year's Eve parties around the world.
When he returned home, he helped his mother on the farm but also worked as an assistant to a local lawyer. In 1776, he married Jean Armour; they had three children. In 1783, he went back to Edinburgh to study law but gave up this idea after two years.
Robert Burns (1759-1796) is often considered to be Scotland's finest poet. The Centre for Robert Burns Studies is named after him in the University's Department of Scottish Literature. Burns did not attend university due of his family's financial difficulties. However, he learned to write and read English, Latin, and Greek at a very early age. He also owned several books on philosophy, politics, and literature that would have been unavailable to the general public at the time.
Burns worked as a farm hand and then as a tax collector before becoming an excise officer. In 1791, he became secretary to a justice of the peace who lived in Dumfries. Two years later, this post was made permanent and he was given a salary of £150 a year. In 1795, he went to London for medical advice about a disease he had been suffering from for some time now. While there, he met many people who influenced his work including Sir Walter Scott, James Hogg, and Samuel Johnson. Burns died at the young age of 36 in Edinburgh after being hit by a horse-drawn carriage.
Even though he didn't attend university, Burns is still regarded as one of the founders of modern literature in Europe. His works include poems, essays, and songs. They are popular all over the world today especially in Scotland where his birthday is used as a national holiday.
Robert Burns (25 January 1759 – 21 July 1796), commonly known as Rabbie Burns, the National Bard, the Bard of Ayrshire, the Ploughman Poet, and a variety of other nicknames and monikers, was a Scottish poet and lyricist. He is largely considered as Scotland's national poet and is renowned across the world. His work includes poems, songs, and orations that deal with many subjects including love, liberty, and patriotism.
He was born in Alloway, near Kirkbean, Stirlingshire, the third of seven children of William Burnes and Margaret Ramsay. His father was a tenant farmer who became an alcoholic and was forced to sell his land to pay for drinks. When he died at the age of 49, his widow married another man who treated her miserably. She had only limited opportunities for education and could neither read nor write.
Burns left school at the age of 13 and worked as a farm laborer until the age of 20. During this time, he also began writing poetry. His first major poem, "Auld Lang Syne", was written while working on a farm near Dumfries. The next year, he traveled to Edinburgh where he met some of the leading figures of the time, including Sir Walter Scott, James Hogg, and George Thomson. They helped him publish several of his own works and also published some of his own ideas about poetry.
Robert Burns, Scottish national poet (born January 25, 1759, Alloway, Ayrshire, Scotland—died July 21, 1796, Dumfries, Dumfriesshire), penned poetry and songs in Scots and English. He was also known for his amours and his defiance of conventional faith and morals. Burns is regarded as one of the founders of modern literature in both languages.
Burns's birthplace is now a museum in Alloway. His family was poor but his parents taught him to read and write. When he was only eleven years old, his father died and his mother could no longer support the family so she sent Robert to live with her older brother, William Burnes, who had a farm near Ayr. There Robert learned the carpenter's trade and worked until he was twenty-one years old. During this time he wrote some of his most famous poems.
In 1786, at the age of 26, he met Jean Armour at a social gathering in Dumfries. They fell in love and were married on April 29, 1787. After their marriage, they moved to Glasgow where Robert took a job as a clerk with the government revenue service. However, he soon grew dissatisfied with his job and decided to make a living by writing poems.
He published his first collection of poems, "Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect," in 1786. This success encouraged him to publish other collections over the next few years.