What is the name of a three-stanza poem? A tercet is a three-line poetry stanza; it can be a single-stanza poem or a verse contained in a bigger poem. Therefore, "three-stanza poem" is a reasonable description for this kind of poetry.
Tercets were popular in medieval Europe and still are in many languages around the world. They are used especially in hymns and poems addressed to God. The number three has special meaning for Christians: it is the number of times Jesus Christ has explained to us what God is like (3 times in John). Thus, the Holy Trinity consists of 3 Persons in one Essence.
The tercet form is very popular in English as well, especially among poets. Many famous poems have been written in tercets -- "The Charge of the Light Brigade", "Locksley Hall", "Ode to a Nightingale". Even if you do not know how to read music, you can enjoy these poems by listening to them recited by a voice actor!
Tercets are three-line stanzas. In poetry, a stanza is a collection of lines separated by a blank line. Tercets are three-line stanzas named after the Latin word tertius, which means "three."
In classical music, a tercet is a group of three poetic lines or musical phrases. They are usually contrasted in tone and/or rhythm, with a final line often returning to the beginning note or pitch value of the first line.
In English poetry, a tercet is a sequence of three related but independent poems. The term is also applied to similar groups of three stanzas within one poem or play. By extension, "tercet" has come to mean any small unit of three lines or phrases that can be used independently from other such units.
The term "tercet" was originally used in France, where it refers to three-line stanzas used by French poets since the 13th century.
In English literature, the tercet is most commonly found in Shakespeare's sonnets. Other famous examples include Alexander Pope's "Windsor Forest" and John Keats's "La Belle Dame Sans Merci".
There are about 80 tercets in all of Shakespeare's poems.
The number of lines in three stanzas is equal to the number of lines in one stanza times the number of stanzas. In this case, it's 3 x 1 x 3 or 9 lines.
Tercets were popular in Renaissance England, but they still are today. They're used often in free verse, which is unrhymed poetry that's not divided into stanzas. The most famous free-verse poem is probably William Blake's Jerusalem.
Jerusalem: A Poem Written in Imitation of the Third Book of Moses by Michael Angelo Bricardo (known as Virgil) [1638-39].
It has been called "the greatest epic of modern times."
Blake used many literary devices to create his poem. One device used extensively is parallelism, which means writing about or describing the same thing in different ways. For example, he might compare the human body with heaven's glory or describe the sins of London using characters from Greek mythology.
A tercet may have numerous rhyme schemes or may contain no rhymed lines at all. Many English poems are composed of tercets - Dickinson, Byron, Shelley, Keats, and Lowell are just some of the poets who used this form frequently - but they are not required to do so. A prose essay does not use stanzas composed of three lines.
A triolet is similar to a tercet but always uses an acrostic scheme where each line of the stanza begins with the first letter of the poet's name. For example, "John Donne was a priest who lived in the early 17th century. His work often includes religious themes and he is regarded as one of the founders of modernism in poetry. The following poem is an example of a triolet: 'I see a man riding on a horse and I think that is me'. There are only two lines of rhyme but the poem still has a definite end."
An octave is a sequence of eight related poems forming a ring. Octaves were popular in ancient Greece and Rome, too, although they are not as common as other poetic forms such as the epigram (four lines) or the villanelle (nine lines).
Identifying Poetry Forms Looking at the arrangement of a poem and listening for sound patterns, especially rhyme and rhythm, can help determine the form. Stanzas divide poetry into lines groupings. One approach to describe its stanzas is to count the number of lines: A three-line stanza is known as a tercet. A four-line stanza is a quatrain. A five-line stanza is a sestet, and so on.
Another way to identify a poem's form is to look at how the parts are connected. In many poems, different forms connect with one another in sequence. For example, one line may serve as the conclusion to the previous stanza and also as the beginning of the next. This type of connection is called circularity. Circularity is often but not always present in poems written in tercets (three-line stanzas). The first line of the third tercet of a poem could be used as the conclusion to the second stanza and also as the beginning of the fourth. There are many other ways that poems can be divided up, such as by subject matter or style.
Poems can also combine several forms. A poem might have multiple stanzas of three lines followed by a final stanza of five lines, for example. Or it might have alternating three-line and five-line stanzas. The only limit to how these parts are put together is the poet's imagination.
Tercet A three-line poem that can be rhymed or unrhymed. "The Convergence of the Twain" by Thomas Hardy rhymes AAA BBB; "On Spies" by Ben Jonson is a three-line poem that rhymes AAA; and "Ode to the West Wind" by Percy Bysshe Shelley is written in terza rima style.
A poetic triplet is a tercet in which all three lines rhyme with AAA. Triplets are uncommon; they are more usually employed sparingly in heroic couplet or other couplet poetry to provide added emphasis. Although the term "triplet" may imply that only three lines are involved, in fact any number of four-line poems can be divided into triads by adding filler words such as "yet," "still," or "always."
The most common form of triplet is the three-line rhyming couplet, so named because it contains two pairs of rhymes: ABAB and ABAC. Other types include the triolet (three quatrains), sestet (six quatrains), and septet (seven quatrains). A quadruple rhyme is when four lines end in the same letter while a quintuple rhyme is when five lines end in the same letter.
Triplets are used extensively in English poetry since the 15th century. Ben Jonson is often credited with introducing this form into English poetry, but in fact he was not the first to do so - some examples can be found as early as 1327. William Dunbar is sometimes claimed as the originator of the triplet, but even if this were true it would still not be enough to make him unique since others had used them before him.
An ABA rhyming pattern is a stanza with three lines that either all rhyme or the first and third lines rhyme. A "terza rima" is a poem composed of tercets and ending with a couplet. The term comes from Italian, where it was used for several types of poetry.
Here are some examples of terza rima poems:
Dante Alighieri (1265–1321) wrote two versions of his famous poem The Divine Comedy. He first wrote it in Italian called Commedia divina (Divine Comedy). Then he wrote it in Latin as Coma dei (Purgatory).
John Milton (1608–1674) wrote about ten different kinds of poems. One of them is called an "acrostics". In this type of poem, each line of the poem corresponds to one letter of the alphabet. So the last line would start with the letter "Z" and end with the letter "A". Acrostics were very popular in the early days of printing because they were easy to make out of single-line poems that were available in printers' fonts at the time. Thus, acrostic poems serve as a guide to what letters should be inserted where in order to keep the poem's meaning consistent throughout.