A popular technique to organize information in a text is through cause and effect. Cause and effect paragraphs are organized to describe why something happened or the repercussions of something. The cause-and-effect text pattern is so prevalent that you've probably written a paragraph using it without realizing it. Here's an example: "Because George dropped the rock, it broke." The reason (cause) for what happened is clear — the rock broke. The effect of this explanation can be seen by looking at how quickly George got fired. He caused an accident at work and now he's not going to be allowed to hurt anyone else.
Cause and effect structures are useful tools for explaining events or facts from history that you want readers to understand. Using these structures, you can explain how things work at a microscopic level or how changes occur over time.
There are two main types of cause and effect structures: causal chains and logical sequences. In causal chains, one thing causes another, which causes another event, and so on until the last event has been explained. This type of structure is used when trying to explain how something happened or why a certain event took place. In this sentence, buying a book is the cause of me learning about plants, which is the reason I bought the book.
"Cause and effect" refers to the interaction between two things when one thing causes another to occur. The need to understand why things happen (cause/effect) is a basic human impulse. As a result, comprehending the cause/effect text structure is critical in learning the fundamentals of how the world works.
The easiest way to explain cause and effect is with an example. If I throw a rock at you and you hit me back, there is a cause-and-effect relationship between my action (throwing the rock) and your response (hitting me). We can say that throwing the rock caused you to hit me because without throwing the rock, you would not have hit me. This understanding of cause and effect is important in many areas of life including science, philosophy, and law.
There are three parts to every cause-and-effect relationship: causation, effect, and prevention. These words have different meanings but work together to describe everything that happens as a result of some event or series of events. Let's look at each in more detail:
Causation - the act of causing. Something causes something else to happen if it is necessary for this other thing to happen. For example, if I pour water into my glass, the water causes the glass to become full. Water is the cause of filling up my glass.
Effect - the outcome or result of an action or process.
Cause-and-effect text structures are commonly employed in expository and persuasive writing. In other words, when an author explains why something happened, he or she is discussing what created an effect (reasons are causes, and the thing that happens is the effect). When authors want to persuade readers to believe something, they often do so by explaining how different situations can create effects that people might find convincing.
An example from history would be John Quincy Adams's explanation of why Britain attacked America in 1812: "The conflict was unavoidable." An effect of this attack was the formation of the United States of America.
In modern life, someone might say that terrorism is caused by poverty or oppression of any kind, while a politician might claim that putting more police on the streets will stop terrorists from attacking cities. The reason both statements are true is because terrorism has many reasons why it occurs. Some events cause multiple effects, such as seeing someone get injured at a terrorist attack. Other events only have one effect, such as finding out that a celebrity is dying. Causes can be anything that produces multiple results; they just have to be different things.
Using causes and effects helps writers explain what happened in history or today, allowing them to write more effectively.