Claims are the evidence that authors or speakers use to illustrate their thesis. An example of a claim is: A adolescent in search of a new cell phone makes the following claims: Every other female in her class owns a cell phone. Cell phones are useful. She can't afford one but needs one to stay connected with her friends.
A claim must be proven true or false. In this case, the claim is that cell phones can keep girls off the streets. Therefore, it can be said that the claim has been proven false because many girls continue to go out without cell phones. This shows that not all girls who have cell phones do so because they need to stay in touch with their friends.
Some claims are implicit rather than explicit. For example, scientists assume that humans evolved into their current form over millions of years through natural selection. Humans were not designed by anyone-including evolutionists-and so this assumption must be proven true or false. It is false because modern science has revealed much about the human body that would have made survival more difficult had it been true. For example, the human heart is equipped with tiny hairs called "nickel-like" particles that prevent other metals from being absorbed into the blood when it is exposed to metal toxins in air pollution or food additives such as mercury. If this protection was not present, the blood would contain high levels of these metals, which could cause serious health problems.
Claim. When authors or speakers want to make a point, they use arguments known as claims to back up their thesis.
An argument is a sequence of sentences each containing a proposition that can be either true or false. The conclusion must follow from the premises. Arguments can be classified into logical types according to how the premises lead to the conclusion. For example, an argument that uses cause and effect reasoning to show that something must be true because it leads to other things that are true is called a causal argument. Authors often distinguish arguments they give themselves when writing essays or articles from actual debates by saying that the former are arguable while the latter are debatable.
In logic, a claim is any statement of belief or knowledge. Claims include assertions, conjectures, opinions, predictions, presumptions, assumptions, plans, wishes, guesses, allegations, inferences, conclusions, judgments, estimates, and so on. An argument is a sequence of statements each using a premise that implies a reason for believing the statement is true. Evidence is additional information that may help prove or disprove a claim or argument.
In rhetoric, the term claim refers to a sentence that expresses a speaker's opinion or judgment about some topic.
A claim in literature is a statement that declares something to be true. However, in literature, assertions serve the unique purpose of conveying the author's major ideas or beliefs, which he or she can subsequently back up with further proof. Writing claims for their own sake is known as argumentation theory.
Writing claims about things that you observe around you can also be called "reader-oriented" because it gives information about what is going on in the world and within the story that only someone who has been there would know. This type of writing is often seen in news articles and blog posts.
Writer-oriented writing is doing things like describing characters' emotions or explaining your setting that don't necessarily relate to the topic at hand but are important to include nonetheless. For example, if your article was about baseball then mentioning other sports that some of your readers may not know much about would be relevant since they would help give context to what kind of game is being played.
Readers tend to find writer-oriented writing interesting because it makes them feel like they're part of the story by sharing in the author's experience. They like learning new things too because any details that aren't essential to understanding the main idea but still contribute to its atmosphere or setting are included.
A claim is a statement about something that can be supported by evidence in theory. The concrete facts used to support a claim are referred to as evidence. Ideally, evidence is something on which everyone agrees, or something that anybody with proper expertise and equipment could independently verify. In practice, there are many claims for which no such evidence exists.
Evidence must show that what is being claimed is true. It cannot just say "X is Y" - where 'X' and 'Y' are different things - because it is impossible to prove a relation between two different things. Evidence must also be relevant - that is, it must make the claim easier to understand. For example, if I claim that all swans are white, there is no need for me to provide evidence of this because anyone who has ever seen a swan will know that they are not black.
In science, evidence is anything that can be used to prove or disprove a hypothesis. Observations are a form of evidence, as are experiments and calculations. Opinion polls are not evidence, but rather statements based on evidence (e.g., public opinion surveys). Claims without evidence may lead others to believe you have found evidence when you have not. Therefore, evidence should always be backed up by appropriate citations.
Science is built upon evidence that becomes clearer over time. New evidence may contradict earlier findings or theories, leading to changes being made to them.